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  • Insecurity still disrupting livelihood activities in Lac region
    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad

    Sustainable solutions are needed to minimize the impact of the crisis on livelihoods, especially for 130,000 people in situation of food insecurity.

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • Chad is part of the dynamics of the World Humanitarian Summit.

    • In Lac region sustainable solutions are needed to minimize the impact of the crisis on livelihoods, especially for 130,000 people in situation of food insecurity (“crisis phase”).

    • In preparation for floods, the humanitarian community is taking steps to maintain basic services in potentially inaccessible areas.

    World Humanitarian Summit: challenges for Chad

    A historical event, strong commitments

    On 23 and 24 May, the first World Humanitarian Summit was held in Istanbul, which brought together over 9,000 participants from 180 Member States, including 63 Heads of State and Government, hundreds of representatives of the private sector, thousands of civil society and non-governmental organizations (NGOs).

    Chad’s voice in particular has been heard through the Humanitarian Coordinator, as well as a Chadian delegation led by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and African Integration, and the participation of representatives from the civil society.

    The summit resulted in strong commitments around the five core responsibilities of the Agenda for Humanity, namely: (1) Demonstrate political leadership to prevent and end conflicts; (2) Uphold the norms that safeguard humanity; (3) Leave no one behind: a commitment to address forced displacement; (4) Changing people’s life: from delivering aid to ending needs; (5) Financing: Investing in humanity.

    An agenda tailored to the humanitarian challenges in Chad

    The Agenda for Humanity echoes the main humanitarian challenges in Chad. Indeed, a stronger international commitment is essential to preserve this island of stability in a volatile sub-region. In the effort to maintain security, especially in Lake Chad, respect for humanitarian law and human rights is a priority.

    Moreover, the issue of forced displacement is important in Chad, with over 500,000 refugees, returnees, and internally displaced people (IDP) in the country. The role of the Government in the protection and assistance to IDPs needs to be strengthened in line with Article 5 of the Kampala Convention which stipulates the primary responsibility of States.

    Moreover, the link between humanitarian and development is crucial to get out of the trap of protracted crises. Therefore, humanitarian actors in Chad are working with the Government to promote the empowerment of refugees, reintegration of Chadian returnees from CAR, and the implementation of sustainable solutions in the Lac region to prevent dependence to assistance (livelihood restoration, rehabilitation of public infrastructures, access to basic social services).

    Finally, chronic aid underfunding remains a major challenge for Chad: only 13 percent of the funding required for humanitarian response in 2016 has been funded to date.
    Development aid also remains largely underfunded.

  • Thousands of pregnant women displaced by Boko Haram in Niger
    Source: UN Population Fund
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    UNFPA estimates some 3,000 pregnant girls and women are among the displaced, putting them in urgent need of antenatal, maternal and post-partum care.

    DIFFA, Niger/UNITED NATIONS, New York – Tens of thousands of people have been forced to flee south-eastern Niger following an attack by Boko Haram militants in early June. UNFPA estimates some 3,000 pregnant girls and women are among the displaced, putting them in urgent need of antenatal, maternal and post-partum care.

    Assaults on the town of Bosso from 3 to 5 June led to the mass movement of an estimated 75,000 people, including virtually the entire populations of Bosso and the nearby towns of Toumour and Yebi.

    Several women gave birth in the bush during this mass movement,” reported Ms. Beyram, a Red Cross volunteer who is helping to deliver UNFPA supplies in the affected area.

    Ms. Beyram is also one of those displaced. “We walked over 35 km,” she said. “Women and children have suffered a lot.”

    Violence in the Bosso area has been rising in recent weeks, contributing to the estimated 240,000 people displaced in Diffa Region, according to the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR). “Before the latest attack on Bosso, one in every three inhabitants of the Diffa Region was forcibly displaced,” the agency said in a recent report.

    Sexual and reproductive health supplies delivered

    Humanitarian operations have been hamstrung by the volatile security situation. Still, UNFPA is working with partners to deliver sexual and reproductive health supplies and care to affected populations.

    Kits containing equipment required for safe child delivery – including obstetric supplies for emergency Caesarean section deliveries – have been distributed. Blood transfusion kits, HIV treatment supplies, treatment for potential HIV exposure, and kits for treating survivors of sexual assault have also been deployed.

    With these supplies, “we can identify all women victims of this situation and ensure their proper care,” said Dr. Arba Nouhou, the public health director for Diffa Region.

    Dignity and care

    UNFPA has also distributed hundreds of dignity kits, which contain hygiene supplies such as sanitary napkins, soap and clothes. UNFPA is working closely with the Red Cross to deliver these materials to pregnant women, breastfeeding mothers and adolescent girls. “This kit is very useful for us. When a woman is pregnant, it is very important to her,” said Mariama, who is among those who fled Bosso town. “It can also be useful for the mother and her baby.”

    Psychosocial assistance has also been provided, and awareness sessions have been held to explain the services available.

    Because gender-based violence is known to increase during crisis situations, messages were disseminated about women’s right to freedom from violence, as well as care available for survivors of assault.

    Mobile clinics have also been deployed in refugee camps and displacement sites.

  • IOM tracks returns in Iraq amid continued displacement
    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: Iraq

    While new displacements are going on, many Iraqis have started to return home in liberated areas. IOM identified 743,910 returnees in Iraq from return movements that began in August 2014.

    Iraq - The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has identified and confirmed the location of 3,317,394 displaced Iraqis across the country from 1 January 2014 to 8 June 2016.

    While new displacements are going on, many Iraqis have started to return to their places of origin in liberated areas. IOM identified 743,910 returnees in Iraq from return movements that began in August 2014.

    IOM Iraq’s recent DTM Returnee Location Assessment was conducted by IOM field teams across the country from March to May 2016. A total of 296 locations – corresponding to more than 540,000 individuals—were assessed in the central and northern governorates of Ninewa (100 locations), Salah al-Din (95 locations), Diyala (92 locations), Anbar (6 locations), Erbil (6 locations) and Kirkuk (3 locations.)

    The assessment covered 82 per cent of locations across the country where return movements have been reported. In some areas IOM could not conduct the assessments due to security concerns, especially in Anbar governorate, where only 26 per cent of locations could be assessed.

    The assessment provides insight into the needs, profile and experience of the returnee population and includes key information on reasons for return, returnees’ priority needs, residence and infrastructure level of damage, sex and age disaggregated data, and returnees’ intentions. Data was collected at a location level through interviews with key informants, including community leaders, local authorities and security forces.

    The main reported reasons for return included: newfound possibility to resume economic activities (35 per cent); safe conditions in location of origin (24 per cent); return after checking the conditions of location of residence (16 per cent); encouragement by community/religious leaders (8 per cent); and lack of financial means to stay in previous location (6 per cent). In addition, 87 per cent reported their intention to stay in their location of return.

    Reported first priority needs of returnees included: drinking water (30 per cent), food (19 per cent), health care (17 per cent), access to income (11 per cent), shelter or housing (8 per cent), and security (7 per cent). In the governorates of Salah al Din, Ninewa, Diyala and Anbar, extensive damage was reported to infrastructure systems including water, electricity, roads, bridges and schools.

    Since 2015 IOM has provided 420 tents to assist returnees whose homes were completely destroyed in the governorates of Salah al-Din, Diyala and Kirkuk. Through the support of the USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), IOM has rehabilitated essential rooms in 400 damaged houses for families who returned to Salah al-Din and Diyala.

    Returnee Abo Ahmed said: “My family, and my neighbours and I escaped our neighbourhood in Al-Alam when ISIL invaded Salah al-Din. We went to Kirkuk, where my mother, my wife, our three children and I lived in a single room; we never had any privacy. We had difficulty finding a source of income. After we heard that our area in Salah al-Din had been liberated, we returned home in April 2015. Our house had been damaged and burned; we couldn’t afford to fix it so we had to rent. We were about to lose hope, when IOM came and built a new room for us, freeing us from paying rent.”

    IOM Iraq Chief of Mission Thomas Lothar Weiss said: “Hundreds of thousands of displaced Iraqis have taken the step to return to their location of origin. Despite damage to their homes and potential insecurity, returnees are determined to rebuild their homes and communities. IOM Iraq, in cooperation with the UN Humanitarian Country Team, humanitarian partners, government authorities and donors, looks forward to continuing to support these Iraqis, as they undertake the difficult process of resuming their lives.”

    In an effort to assist and prepare for further returns, IOM is chairing the Returns Working Group, established under the UN Humanitarian Country Team, to develop recommendations for Iraqi governorates affected by returns, and provide technical advice to partners, government and civil society to support the implementation of returns according to international standards.

    The IOM Iraq DTM Returnee Location Assessment, including data display, dashboard summarizing the main findings and the questionnaire used for data collection are available on the DTM portal iraqdtm.iom.int. The Iraq DTM is mainly funded by the US State Department’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM.)

    For further information please contact IOM Iraq. Sandra Black, Tel. +964 751 234 2550, Email: sblack@iom.int or Laura Nistri, Email: lnistri@iom.int

  • Europe seeks ways to protect rights of migrant children
    Source: Council of Europe
    Country: World

    Council of Europe conference debates how to keep the estimated 300,000 children who arrived last year alone out of administrative detention and protect them from abuse and exploitation.

    One in three of the migrants and asylum seekers crossing between Greece and Turkey is a child. Last year alone, an estimated 300,000 children arrived in Europe fleeing the horror of war and seeking refuge, traumatized by violence and death. Practically all of them have seen their lives shattered, their families separated, their rights to life, education, health and justice put aside.

    What Europe can do to address this challenge, to protect migrant children’s rights and ensure their future is the key theme of a conference organized by the French Defender of Human Rights, in co-operation with the European Network of Ombudspersons for Children and the Council of Europe taking place in Paris on 28 June 2016.

    The event participants are discussing ways of ensuring children rights’ to education, leisure and quality healthcare. They are also exchanging experiences on the immediate protection of children from the very real risks of human trafficking, violence, sexual abuse and exploitation, as well as placement in detention centres.

    Tomáš Boček, Special Representative of the Secretary General on migration and refugees, who spoke during the opening ceremony, said: "Member states should do whatever it takes to keep asylum-seeking and other migrant children out of administrative detention."

    The Secretary General of the Council of Europe in March this year proposed a set of priority measures to member States, underlined that children should not be placed in immigration detention centres, apart from in exceptional circumstances and for shortest period of time. Rapid procedures for appointing legal guardians for unaccompanied children, providing suitable and safe accommodation, improving age assessment procedures were also proposed. All these issues will be discussed at the Paris conference.

    Improving and accelerating the legal procedures for refugee children, including those related to issuing humanitarian visas and guaranteeing family reunion, will be another key theme of the event.

    The conference live on Tuesday at 9:30 at www.enfantsmigrants.defenseurdesdroits.fr and on social media #enfantsmigrants

    Since the outset of the crisis, the Council of Europe has taken an active stance on protecting rights of refugee children. In addition to proposing the set of priority measures, the Council of Europe through its anti-discrimination commission in May 2016 has issued recommendations to all member States on protecting rights of illegally residing migrants. It specifically urged them to make sure that social services are not under legal obligation to share personal data of illegally residing migrants, with immigration authorities. Two weeks ago, in mid-June 2016 the Council of Europe launched an urgent monitoring of what 41 states-parties to the Lanzarote Convention do to protect children affected by the refugee crisis from sexual exploitation and abuse. The replies from member States are expected in mid-September, and the findings and recommendations to member States will be published by the end of November.

    The Council of Europe supports the Conference in Paris as part of the implementation of its Strategy for the Rights of the Child.

  • UNICEF estimates 167 million children will live in poverty by 2030
    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: World

    According to the State of the World’s Children, 69 million children under five will die from mostly preventable causes and 750 million women will have been married as children by 2030.

    Poverty, illiteracy and early deaths await world’s most disadvantaged children: UNICEF

    Making the right choices now can, and will, reverse this fate, new report says

    Download a PDF of the report and multimedia content at: http://weshare.unicef.org/Package/2AMZIFFS4KH

    NEW YORK, 28 June 2016 – Based on current trends, 69 million children under five will die from mostly preventable causes, 167 million children will live in poverty, and 750 million women will have been married as children by 2030, the target date for the Sustainable Development Goals – unless the world focuses more on the plight of its most disadvantaged children, according to a UNICEF report released today.

    The State of the World’s Children, UNICEF’s annual flagship report, paints a stark picture of what is in store for the world’s poorest children if governments, donors, businesses and international organizations do not accelerate efforts to address their needs.

    “Denying hundreds of millions of children a fair chance in life does more than threaten their futures – by fueling intergenerational cycles of disadvantage, it imperils the future of their societies,” said UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake. “We have a choice: Invest in these children now or allow our world to become still more unequal and divided.”

    The report notes that significant progress has been made in saving children’s lives, getting children into school and lifting people out of poverty. Global under-five mortality rates have been more than halved since 1990, boys and girls attend primary school in equal numbers in 129 countries, and the number of people living in extreme poverty worldwide is almost half what it was in the 1990s.

    But this progress has been neither even nor fair, the report says. The poorest children are twice as likely to die before their fifth birthday and to be chronically malnourished than the richest. Across much of South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, children born to mothers with no education are almost 3 times more likely to die before they are 5 than those born to mothers with a secondary education. And girls from the poorest households are twice as likely to marry as children than girls from the wealthiest households.

    Nowhere is the outlook grimmer than in sub-Saharan Africa, where at least 247 million children – or 2 in 3 – live in multidimensional poverty, deprived of what they need to survive and develop, and where nearly 60 per cent of 20- to 24-year-olds from the poorest fifth of the population have had less than four years of schooling. At current trends, the report projects, by 2030, sub-Saharan Africa will account for:

    • Nearly half of the 69 million children who will die before their fifth birthday from mostly preventable causes;

    • More than half of the 60 million children of primary school age who will still be out of school; and

    • 9 out of 10 children living in extreme poverty.

    Although education plays a unique role in levelling the playing field for children, the number of children who do not attend school has increased since 2011, and a significant proportion of those who do go to school are not learning. About 124 million children today do not go to primary- and lower-secondary school, and almost 2 in 5 who do finish primary school have not learned how to read, write or do simple arithmetic.

    The report points to evidence that investing in the most vulnerable children can yield immediate and long-term benefits. Cash transfers, for example, have been shown to help children stay in school longer and advance to higher levels of education. On average, each additional year of education a child receives increases his or her adult earnings by about 10 per cent. And for each additional year of schooling completed, on average, by young adults in a country, that country’s poverty rates fall by 9 per cent.

    Inequity is neither inevitable, nor insurmountable, the report argues. Better data on the most vulnerable children, integrated solutions to the challenges children face, innovative ways to address old problems, more equitable investment and increased involvement by communities – all these measures can help level the playing field for children.

    # # #

    About UNICEF

    UNICEF promotes the rights and wellbeing of every child, in everything we do. Together with our partners, we work in 190 countries and territories to translate that commitment into practical action, focusing special effort on reaching the most vulnerable and excluded children, to the benefit of all children, everywhere.

    For more information about UNICEF and its work visit: www.unicef.org.

    Follow us on Twitter and Facebook

    For more information, please contact:

    Marixie Mercado, UNICEF New York, Tel: +1917 213 5188, mmercado@unicef.org Najwa Mekki, UNICEF New York, Tel: +1917 209 1804, nmekki@unicef.org

  • Ethiopia drought disproportionately affects women - OCHA
    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Ethiopia

    In all areas, men and children under the age of three eat first in the family, boys and girls are next, and the women eat last. As a result, pregnant and breastfeeding mothers are at risk.

    Key Issues

    • The HRD is funded at US$1 billion, but a significant gap remains, including in the critical food sector.

    • The drought disproportionately affects women – particularly pregnant and breastfeeding mothers - who suffer most from health complications and malnutrition.

    • Government calls for joint action to curb to spread of the AWD outbreak

    Ethiopia is responding to an El Niño-caused drought emergency: The El Niño global climatic event wreaked havoc on Ethiopia’s 2015 spring and summer rains driving food insecurity, malnutrition and water shortages in affected areas of the country. A well coordinated response is underway, although the scale of the emergency exceeds resources available. Given the lead times necessary for the procurement of relief items, the Government and its international partners urge immediate and sustained support for this slow onset natural disaster.

  • UN emergency fund allocates US$13 million to support 250,000 people in north-eastern Nigeria
    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria

    CERF funds will support the provision of food, cash for food purchase, special child nutritional supplements, protection and health services to the most vulnerable in the newly accessible areas.

    New York/Abuja, 27 June 2016): United Nations humanitarian chief Stephen O’Brien has released US$13 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to provide life-saving assistance to 250,000 people in areas of north-east Nigeria that have just become accessible.

    The destruction of crops and looting of livestock have left many people unable to support their families. More than 50,000 people need seeds and tools for the upcoming planting season and CERF funding will help them to rebuild their livelihoods. A significant number of women and girls, and also men and boys, have suffered or witnessed terrible abuses; CERF funds will enable humanitarian partners to provide critical psychosocial support and protection services.

    “People have experienced unspeakable suffering due to the violence perpetrated by Boko Haram. We now have better access finally, and a chance to help them,” said Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Stephen O’Brien. “The international community must take advantage of this opening to reach people with essential services and build on the CERF allocation to scale up the response”.

    CERF funds will support the provision of food, cash for food purchase, special child nutritional supplements, protection and health services to the most vulnerable people in the newly accessible areas through disbursements to FAO, UNDSS, UNFPA, UNHAS, UNHCR, UNICEF and WFP.

    “The humanitarian crisis in north-east Nigeria is massive and alarming: 15 million people are affected by the violence instigated by Boko Haram including 7 million people who need urgent humanitarian assistance,” said Munir Safieldin, the acting Humanitarian Coordinator. “Unless we scale up now, 7 to 8 children will die of severe acute malnutrition every hour; 184 children will die every day. We need resources now to scale up our current response”.

    The Humanitarian Response Plan for Nigeria was revised upwards by $51 million in June and is now calling for $279 million. To date, it is only 22 per cent funded.

    Since 2015, CERF has supported life-saving assistance in response to Boko Haram-related violence with more than $58 million, bringing the total CERF support to more than $70 million with this new injection of funds. Some $27 million was allocated in March 2015 to assist more than 1.6 million internally displaced people, refugees, returnees and host communities in Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria. An additional $31 million was provided in early 2016 to help 700,000 people in the Lake Chad Basin.

    CERF is a pooled fund that supports rapid humanitarian response. Donors preposition funds with CERF so that money is available immediately to kick-start relief operations in new emergencies and to provide live-saving assistance in crises that are underfunded. At mid-year, donors have contributed $248 million to CERF for 2016 and CERF has allocated nearly the same amount, responding to high demand from humanitarian partners. New contributions are urgently needed.

  • WFP alarmed at dire conditions for more than 85,000 people who have fled Fallujah
    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Iraq

    “The people of Fallujah have been suffering under siege for many months without access to food or medical care. Reaching them now with life-saving food and other humanitarian assistance is the absolute top priority,” said WFP.

    BAGHDAD – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) is very concerned about the extremely dire conditions for more than 85,000 people who have fled the besieged city of Fallujah and its surroundings in Iraq’s Anbar governorate over the last month.

    Through its partners, WFP has so far distributed enough immediate response food rations to feed almost 75,000 newly displaced people arriving at camps in Habbaniya Tourism City and Amariyat al-Fallujah. Each ration contains ready-to-eat food to feed a family for three days.

    However in the spirit of the Holy Month of Ramadan, other organizations are distributing additional food that complements WFP rations, making it enough to stretch for a full week.

    “The people of Fallujah have been suffering under siege for many months without access to food or medical care. Reaching them now with life-saving food and other humanitarian assistance is the absolute top priority,” said Maha Ahmed, WFP Deputy Country Director in Iraq.

    “The situation is heart breaking. We met a young mother this week who escaped the violence in Fallujah with her new born baby in her arms – he was only 4-days-old when they fled.”

    Since military operations to retake the city from ISIL forces began on 22 May, waves of people have fled Fallujha and its surroundings. People are gathering in dozens of small camps where conditions are very harsh and many families are forced to share already overcrowded tents. Others are stranded in the desert or sheltering at mosques and schools.

    “We are working with humanitarian partners to ensure comprehensive and rapid relief is provided for affected families, who have already been through too much,” Ahmed added.

    WFP is sending additional immediate response food rations and family food rations from its Baghdad warehouse, an hour’s drive from Fallujah, to provide immediate food relief to the growing number of displaced. In partnership with WFP, the Qatar Red Crescent is preparing to provide cooking utensils and additional family food rations to the families from Fallujah.

    More than 3 million Iraqis have been displaced by conflict since mid-June last year. WFP provides food assistance to over 1 million vulnerable displaced across all 18 governorates.

    WFP is entirely voluntarily funded and relies on support from governments, companies and private individuals to provide food assistance to people in Iraq. To continue to assist displaced families for the next six months, WFP urgently requires a total of US$34 million.

  • Latest humanitarian snapshot highlights flooding in China and the Philippines
    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: China, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines

    In China, nine million people have been affected by torrential rainfall across 10 provinces. In the Philippines, 5,100 people in Maguindanao province have been affected by floods.

    China

    As of 23 June, 9 million people have been affected by torrential rainfall across 10 provinces of southern China, with flooding triggering the temporary evacuation of at least 388,000 people. On 21 June, the China National Commission for Disaster Reduction and Ministry of Civil Affairs (MCA) launched a Level IV emergency response to support areas affected by hailstorm, torrential rainfall and floods in Shanxi, Hunan, Guizhou, Jiangxi, and Hubei provinces and the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. However, no request for international assistance has been made.

    Also on 23 June, severe weather in the coastal province of Jiangsu spawned a tornado as well as torrential rain and hailstorm. The severe weather caused 98 deaths, with at least 800 people injured and more than 8,000 homes destroyed in Funing County. Local authorities supported by MCA and the Chinese Red Cross have provided food, tents and NFIs to affected communities.

    98 people Killed

    Philippines

    As of 22 June, 1,000 families (5,100 people or about 22 per cent of the population) in Sultan sa Barongis municipality, Maguindanao province, have been affected by flooding caused by heavy rainfall due to an intertropical convergence. Flooding was also reported in Pikit municipality, Cotabato province which forced some residents to evacuate to higher grounds. Authorities are assessing the impact of the flood.

    5,100 people affected

    Indonesia

    According to the National Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB), flooding and landslides in Central Java province caused 59 deaths, with four people still missing. In Purworejo, the worst affected district, about 350 people remain displaced. Search and rescue operations ended on 24 June. Local authorities continue to provide assistance to the affected communities.

    In North Sulawesi province, flooding and landslides also caused five deaths and damaged over 200 houses. An estimated 600 people remain displaced and are being supported by the local government. Rains continue to affect Java, Sumatra and Kalimantan.

    59 people killed

    Papua New Guinea

    While rainfall during the past several weeks is beginning to ease the dry conditions across Papua New Guinea, WFP estimates that some 180,000 people remain food insecure due to the prolonged drought. In support of the Government, partners continue to implement emergency food and nutrition activities. In April, the UN Central Emergency Response Fund provided US$4.7 million for the ongoing El Niño response. Access to remote areas, however, continue be constrained by the terrain and recent flood.

    180,000 people in food insecure

  • UN-coordinated appeals require unprecedented US$21.6 billion
    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    The appeals for 2016 are intended to meet the needs of more than 95.4 million people across 40 countries. The UN's global appeal is currently 25 per cent funded.

    FOREWORD

    The UN-coordinated appeals for 2016 require an unprecedented US$21.6 billion to meet the needs of over 95.4 million people across 40 countries. Since I launched the Global Humanitarian Overview in December, Cyclone Winston swept through Fiji and an earthquake brought widespread devastation in Ecuador. The harsh effects of El Niño this year led us to revise the joint Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements Document and develop a response plan for Zimbabwe. Funding requirements for new appeals issued since December (Burundi, Fiji, Haiti, Ecuador and Zimbabwe) and for appeals which have been revised are outlined in the pull-out poster inside this Status Report. Requirements of the plan for Sudan, now under development, are also included.

    Our global appeal is currently 25 per cent funded. The World Humanitarian Summit echoed the fact that humanitarian action is woefully under-resourced and requires an immediate, effective and collective response. Underfunding jeopardizes the lives of people affected by conflict and disaster. To take just a few examples: underfunding means that the UN and its partners cannot adequately meet the needs of 13.5 million people whose lives have been overturned by the Syria crisis. It means humanitarian assistance cannot be assured in the critical post-electoral phase in Central African Republic where some humanitarian partners are withdrawing their operations from the country. It means further deterioration in the lives of half the population of the Lake Chad Basin, the scene of one of the world’s most neglected crises. And it means that humanitarian partners in Myanmar will be unable to provide for the food security, health, protection and livelihood needs of 1 million people in 2016. As I write, I hear that medical facilities in Iraq are today closing down due to depletion of international funding, and renewals simply not coming through.

    We are grateful to our donors for their commitment and support so far this year, and for recognizing that the UN-coordinated appeals ensure a coherent, strategic and well-planned response to crises. We stand ready and resolute to continue providing vital humanitarian assistance across the world wherever and whenever needs arise and to whoever is in need. Donor support in the first half of 2016 has enabled us to deliver critical, life-saving relief. It is now incumbent on us to do substantially more to invest in the lives of millions of people bearing the brunt of crises around the globe. Their needs cannot wait. With more funding, millions of displaced women, girls, boys, and men will eat nutritious food, drink clean water and reap the benefits of good health, shelter, an education and protection. Investing in the survival and dignity of millions in need is investing in our shared, common humanity.

    Stephen O’Brien

    United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator

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