Children’s needs central to response as Gambia uncertainty continues
Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Gambia, Senegal
UNICEF's emergency plans are set to support up to 40,000 people for three months with health care, water, sanitation and education along border areas and to help host communities cope with the influx of refugees.
UNICEF and partners working with Senegalese authorities on emergency plans to support displaced children in host communities
DAKAR, 19 January 2017 - As the Gambia faces an uncertain political transition, the situation raises concerns for the nearly 26,000 people – half of them children – who have left the country to neighbouring Senegal. The threat of unrest has also left thousands of children in the Gambia without access to education following the closure of schools in parts of the country.
“The world’s attention has focused on politics, but thousands of children and their families are caught up in this volatile and disruptive situation,” said Marie-Pierre Poirier, UNICEF’s Regional Director for West and Central Africa. “Our teams in Senegal and the Gambia are on standby to ensure that children's needs are at the centre of any response as the situation evolves.”
At the request of Senegalese authorities and United Nations partners, UNICEF's emergency plans are set to support up to 40,000 people for three months with health care, water, sanitation and education along the border areas. The plans also look to deploy experts and resources into host communities to help them cope with the influx of refugees.
To help families re-establish some degree of normalcy, the response will supply water and sanitation services in the most affected areas on the border. The goal is to install or improve 300 water points so the displaced population can get fresh water less than 500 meters from their temporary homes, and host communities will be equipped with latrines and showers. More than 10,000 bowls and hand washing kits are ready to be deployed to households so families has the basics to practice good hygiene and keep their children healthy.
Education planners expect that as many as 32,000 children from the Gambia might need school support in the coming months. As families settle into host communities, it is estimated that more than 50,000 Senegalese children could be joined by the wave of additional students into their existing schools.
If instability persists, learning materials – including English language curriculum from the Gambia – can be distributed to displaced children in the host schools in Senegal.
Emergency coordinators will also look to identify as many as 360 teachers and get them working within the Senegalese schools, operating in double shifts at shared school facilities.
“With schools closed in Gambia and people staying at home because of fear, children are missing out on their education,” said Poirier. “Education is critical to helping children cope with their situation, and we are doing all we can to ensure that kids are back in the classroom, back into normal life, as soon as possible.”
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New Insurance Development Fund will seek to expand resilience of disaster-prone people
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Thomson Reuters Foundation
The IDF commits to support the G7’s InsuResilience call to action to extend risk insurance to an additional 400 million people in developing countries by the year 2020.
by Stephen O’Brien and Stephen Catlin
- Any views expressed in this article are those of the author and not of Thomson Reuters Foundation.
In an uncertain world, insurance can form part of a swifter, more predictable and cost-effective response package
Last year, the lives of 102 million people were devastated by droughts, storms, earthquakes or floods, but the vast majority of those people had no risk insurance to help them cope. The result was lost homes and livelihoods, displacement and hunger, and deepening impoverishment and debt. Globally, 70 per cent of economic losses resulting from natural hazards are uninsured – this often rises to above 90 per cent in low - and middle-income countries.
To close this protection gap, leaders in the insurance industry and humanitarian and development sectors have formed the Insurance Development Forum (IDF), which commits to support the G7’s InsuResilience call to action to extend risk insurance to an additional 400 million people in developing countries by 2020 The way we see it, our children and grandchildren expect us to make responsible decisions that affect their future, and this principle must apply globally.
The launch of the IDF is evidence of how far we have come in our public-private collaboration when tackling some of the world’s most pressing problems. This collaboration has been on full display at this year’s World Economic Forum.
Through the IDF, more than 200 experts and practitioners from industry, governments, international institutions, NGOs and academia have come together recognizing that we can only develop more resilient communities, societies and countries if we manage risks rather than waiting for full-blown crises before we respond. In an increasingly uncertain world, insurance and risk transfer can form part of a swifter, more predictable and more cost-effective response package. We are confident that the strong public-private partnership can make a significant impact in increasing global resilience.
BREAKING DOWN BARRIERS
This initiative helps break down traditional funding barriers that limit the scope and use of available capital simply because it falls outside of the traditional definition of development or emergency response. In setting up the IDF, we recognize that mechanisms to deal with shocks and stressors need to be built into the development process, not isolated from it. And this is why we focus on resilience.
Resilience was the hallmark of the many landmark agreements and initiatives made in 2015, all of which contributed to the UN’s 2030 Agenda. It also informed the thousands of commitments made by leaders at the Istanbul World Humanitarian Summit to deliver better resilience solutions for the most vulnerable crisis-affected people.
Risk insurance will bring multiple benefits not only to vulnerable people and affected Governments, but also to emergency response agencies and donors.
For a farmer in Zimbabwe, adopting this model will entail accessing strong climate data so she knows when best to plant and harvest. By purchasing parametric insurance – that is, insurance that pays out not on proof of loss but when a defined event is above a pre-determined and measurable trigger – she will receive a pay out if rainfall is under a certain level by a certain date. In this way, she can use the money to plant for next year’s harvest.
When individuals’ assets and livelihoods are better protected, it puts less pressure on affected Governments to lead large-scale reconstruction and recovery, saving funds and protecting their hard-earned development gains. Research has shown that a 1 per cent increase in insurance penetration can reduce the disaster recovery burden on taxpayers by 22 per cent. Designing resilience into their projects from the start will reduce future losses.
Insurance will also enable response agencies to plan ahead more effectively and predictably. And for donors, insurance will bring significant cost-savings and give greater value for money. Data from the African Risk Capacity (ARC), a climate-risk insurance mechanism, reveals that each dollar spent on the mechanism is equivalent to US$4 in traditional emergency assistance costs.
But insurance is not just a contract to pay out in the event of a disaster. The model’s success rests on introducing principles and disciplines of risk management into all aspects of our work, including evaluating potential risks and pre-planning how to reduce them. Only those risks that cannot be mitigated will be transferred to the market.
Implementing the right climate-related insurance solutions for vulnerable people will be complex. We will need to help build functioning regulatory environments where they do not exist; we must support risk-literacy across the humanitarian and development sectors; and we need to build trust in communities that have low trust in institutions.
There is ample experience to draw on: schemes by the World Bank, G20 and others; the experience of national hazard-insurance schemes from the Pacific Islands to Turkey; and the success of regional schemes, including ARC, the Pacific Catastrophe Risk Assessment and Financing Initiative, and the Caribbean and Central American Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility.
Experience from ARC has shown that when risk is pooled among nations and managed as a group, it can halve the funds needed, and that the impact is most effective when payouts are received within 14 days of a trigger. ARC has ambitious goals to extend its reach to 30 African countries and 150 million people by 2020.
Our work is clearly cut out for us – now we have no time to lose, given the scale of humanitarian need across the world. Amid unprecedented vulnerability in 2016, we faced a record funding gap of $9.5 billion to meet humanitarian needs. World leaders set ambitious sustainable development goals in 2016, which we will meet only if we drastically transform our approach to relief, resilience and development. By leveraging the expertise and experience of the insurance sector to adopt risk modelling, insurance and transfer, we are taking a step in the right direction to making resilience a reality.
Stephen O’Brien is the UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Stephen Catlin is the Executive Deputy Chairman XL Group and Chair of Insurance Development Forum
Somali President appeals for aid as drought worsens
Source: Voice of America
"The devastating drought ravaging many parts of the country continues to take a terrible toll on animals. Many children and aged have lost their lives and now those who were strong enough to endure have started to fall," he said.
As Somalia faces its second major drought this decade, the government has issued an urgent appeal for large-scale, life-saving aid.
Holding a joint press conference with the country's National Drought Task force on Thursday, President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud said millions of his people are at risk of starvation if action is not taken soon.
"The devastating drought ravaging many parts of the country continues to take a terrible toll on animals. Many children and aged have lost their lives and now those who were strong enough to endure have started to fall," Mohamud said.
On Tuesday, the U.N. humanitarian coordinator for Somalia warned that five million Somalis, nearly half the population, do not have enough to eat because of poor rains and continued fighting between the African Union-backed government and the Islamist militant group al-Shabab.
Yahye Ali Ibrahim, Somalia's director general of interior ministry, said Thursday that some 2.7 million Somalis are on the verge of starving to death.
"I want to remind the Somalis and the world community that the life of a single person should not die for a glass of water they can provide today," Mohamud said. "A person dying today cannot wait [for] your tomorrow aid."
Famine last struck areas in South and Central Somalia in 2011, killing an estimated 260,000 people.
Despite the dire conditions, neither Somalia nor the U.N. has officially declared the situation a famine.
Under U.N. standards, a famine is declared when at least 20 percent of households in an area face extreme food shortages with a limited ability to cope; acute malnutrition rates exceed 30 percent; and the death rate exceeds two persons per day per 10,000 persons.
The last famine in Somalia is believed to have been caused by failed rainy seasons and a ban on food aid in territory held by al-Shabab.
Reducing disaster risk helps tackle hunger in Latin America and Caribbean
Source: UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
Country: Haiti, Paraguay, World
More than 34 million people in Latin America and the Caribbean still suffer from hunger, but the region is boosting its ability to make agriculture sustainable and ensure food security by curbing disaster risk.
ASUNCIÓN, 20 January 2017 – More than 34 million people in Latin America and the Caribbean still suffer from hunger, but the region is boosting its ability to make agriculture sustainable and ensure food security by curbing disaster risk.
The UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and regional body the Organization of American States have worked together with governments to craft a blueprint for implementing the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction in the agriculture, food and nutritional security spheres.
Entitled “Guidelines and Recommendations for the Implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction in the Agricultural and Food and Nutrition Security Sector: Latin America and the Caribbean”, the document was given impetus by a major regional ministerial meeting, hosted by Paraguay in June last year, about making the goals of the Sendai Framework a reality on the ground.
The most risk-focused international plan ever on curbing the impact of natural and human-induced hazards, the 15-year Sendai Framework was adopted in March 2015.
The majority of the Latin American and Caribbean population facing hunger is concentrated in the countryside. Millions of producers in the region’s poorest rural areas are family subsistence farmers and at very high risk, given that the impact of disasters goes beyond the momentary loss of income or opportunities and directly impacts food security and survival.
Therefore, the effect of disasters on the sector and the consequences of climate change not only endanger development gains in rural territories of Latin America and the Caribbean, but also the very food and nutritional security of its entire population. They also undermine the ability of the region to cope in a context where global population growth is driving an expected 60-percent increase in food demand by 2050.
Faced with this, the FAO believes that the farm sector in Latin America and the Caribbean has a strong capacity to reduce the risk of disasters and contribute to the resilience of livelihoods. The important and complex challenge is to achieve more resilient systems that are both more productive and efficient, preserve the base of natural resources and ecosystem services, and establish the ability to withstand risks and shocks exacerbated by climate change, said Mr. Jorge Meza, the FAO's Chief Forestry Officer.
“This transition cannot be achieved without the development of sectoral measures for disaster risk management involving technologies, productive practices and sustainable use of natural resources, as well as considerable changes in terms of governance, legislation, policies and public and private investment,” added Mr. Meza.
The agricultural and food sector guidelines also aim to support the implementation of a roadmap set down by the 33-nation Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, the "CELAC Plan for Food Security, Nutrition and Hunger Eradication 2025”.
Momentum on the issue has also been built thanks to last year’s 34th FAO Regional Conference for Latin America and the Caribbean, hosted by Mexico, which focused attention on the need to boost disaster risk reduction efforts in the sector. This May, Mexico is also set to host the 2017 Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction.
Urgent action needed on Syria commitments made at London Conference one year on
Source: Catholic Agency for Overseas Development, Danish Refugee Council, Trócaire, Lutheran World Federation, CARE, Christian Aid, Mercy Corps, Médecins du Monde, Solidarités International, Oxfam, International Rescue Committee, HelpAge International, Save the Children, World Vision, Diakonia Sweden, Dorcas Aid International, Terre des hommes Italia, Secours Islamique France, Finn Church Aid, Première Urgence Internationale
Country: Jordan, Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey
Refugees face similar challenges across Syria’s neighbouring countries, a report by 28 NGOs has found, warning that long-term efforts are still needed by the international community and host governments.
Refugees face similar challenges across Syria’s neighbouring countries
Refugees face similar challenges across Syria’s neighbouring countries, a new report by a coalition of 28 NGOs has found, warning that long-term efforts are still needed by the international community and host governments.
Released against the backdrop of the “Supporting Syrians and the Region Conference” in Helsinki, slated for January 24, the report looked at changes in the legal status, education and jobs conditions of Syrians in Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon one year after the London conference, which presented a “comprehensive new approach” to addressing the protracted Syrian crisis in February 2016.
“We urge the international community to ensure that the generous commitments made last year mark a new era of collaboration, solidarity and responsibility sharing to respond to the needs of Syrian refugees, internally displaced and host communities,” says Gerry Garvey, Regional Director for the Danish Refugee Council in Middle East and North Africa.
Since the beginning of the conflict, more than 4.8 million have fled Syria to its neighbouring countries, while UN numbers show more than 9 million inside Syria in urgent need of assistance. At last year’s conference, donors committed to longer term funding while host governments committed to significant policy changes. The new report from the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) and 27 other organisations takes stock of the progress on these commitments.
“While important steps have been taken, much more remains unaccomplished — not least when it comes to witnessing a measurable and sustainable impact on people’s lives. There is a continued need for more predictable and equitable responsibility sharing for refugees,” Gerry Garvey says.
Relevant government actors, UN, INGOs and Syrian NGOs will meet in Helsinki to follow up on the situation for Syrian refugees in the region. At the London conference, donors had pledged $6 billion for 2016. By September 2016, over $6.3 billion had been committed in grants for 2016, exceeding pledges by 5%. However, there is still room for progress. One of the aspirations of the London conference was to generate long-term funding commitments. While $6.1 billion was pledged for 2017-2020, currently only $607.9 million has been committed.
“One of the successes of the London Conference was the recognition that humanitarian aid alone is not an adequate response to the massive crisis inside Syria and the strains placed on refugee hosting countries. But at the same time, we've seen an increasingly restrictive environment for refugees emerge across many countries since the London Conference, including in Europe and the US. Globally, we currently witness a lack of resettlement opportunities. And with continued closed borders of many of the neighbouring countries, this is part of a global situation where Syrians risk being caught inside their war torn homeland,” says Gerry Garvey
Read the report here
The Danish Refugee Council is one of the largest organisations working with the Syrian displaced. With multi-sector programmes covering both humanitarian and development needs inside Syria as well as neighbouring countries, including Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Turkey, DRC is a central actor in the response to the protracted Syrian crisis. DRC Secretary General, Andreas Kamm and Regional Director for MENA; Gerry Garvey will participate in the Helsinki conference.
UN relief agency seeks US $781 million for South Sudan's humanitarian crisis
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda
With regional displacement figures from South Sudan in the first half of 2016 much higher than original projections, the UNHCR had to revise the requirements for 2017.
A total of $781.8 million * requested for the period January ‐ December 2017, including:
- $**9.8 million** for CAR
- $**30.3 million** for the DRC
- $**157.7 million** for Ethiopia
- $**40.5 million** for Kenya
- $**171.7 million** for South Sudan
- $**68 million** for Sudan
- $**283.8 million** for Uganda
- $**476,251** for HQ & Regional Coordination
* All dollar signs in this document denote United States dollars. This total includes support costs (7%)
The South Sudan situation is Africa’s largest displacement crisis today. With the conflict in South Sudan now entering its fourth year, its people are facing dire humanitarian challenges. By the end of October 2016, more than 1.2 million South Sudanese had fled as refugees to CAR, DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda, while within the country almost 1.8 million people had become internally displaced and 6.1 million were estimated to be in need of urgent humanitarian assistance. Disease, protracted instability, the escalation of violence, and wide-spread destruction have triggered unprecedented levels of food insecurity. More than 4.8 million people, half the population, became severely food insecure due to simply being unable to bring in the harvest. The economic situation continues to worsen with hyper-inflation at record levels of more than 800%. With a paucity of national infrastructure such as roads or viable airfields, as well as the long rainy season of up to eight months per year, South Sudan is one of the most logistically challenging countries in the world in which to operate, and thus in which to bring assistance to those in need.
An Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan was signed in August 2015 with, after months of delay, the formation in April 2016 of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU). Despite the Agreement, localized conflicts continued, and humanitarian access and delivery remained an enormous challenge in many locations. Less than three months after the formation of the TGoNU, the humanitarian situation deteriorated drastically when fresh fighting erupted in the capital, Juba, on 8 July 2016. Fighting, rampant looting and human rights abuses reportedly caused the deaths of over 300 people, led to the displacement of thousands of civilians, and to the incremental spread of the conflict across Greater Equatoria State and beyond.
A ceasefire was called on 11 July, and United Nations Security Council Resolution 2304, adopted on 12 August 2016, authorized inter alia, the deployment of Regional Protection Forces in the country, as additional support to the existing United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS). On 16 December 2016, UNMISS’s mandate was extended to 15 December 2017 under Security Council Resolution 2327. This included an authorisation to use “all necessary means” to protect civilians under threat of physical violence, bringing the number of peacekeepers to 17,000, including a 4,000 strong Regional Protection Force, and increasing the number of international police to 2,101.
The escalation of the crises triggered an unanticipated surge in the refugee outflows. More than 360,000 people fled the country in the four months following July 2016, 70 per cent of whom have fled to Uganda. Large numbers have also fled to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Sudan (where beneficiaries quickly exceeded 2016 planning figures) to Central African Republic (CAR), and later in September, to Ethiopia.
With regional displacement figures from South Sudan in the first half of 2016 much higher than original projections even prior to the upheavals in July, both the 2016 Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) and the UNHCR Supplementary Budget for the South Sudan Situation had to be revised in July 2016, including chapters for DRC and CAR for the first time. Less than a month after that initial revision, Uganda’s country chapter had to be revised again to meet further urgent requirements, such as the opening of a new settlement in Bidibidi, Yumbe District, with capacity for 100,000 people. This had become vital in order to decongest transit and reception centres and thereby reduce the risk of the spread of diseases.
Violence in Ukraine on rise again after relative calm of New Year period, warns OSCE
Source: Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
The security situation in Donetsk and Luhansk regions is deteriorating as the sides continue to violate the ceasefire and other agreements, with an increase in the use of weapons proscribed by these agreements.
VIENNA, 19 January 2017 – Following a period of relative calm in much of eastern Ukraine over the New Year and Christmas period, those who prefer to threaten and use force are once again undermining security for the inhabitants of Donetsk and Luhansk regions, said the OSCE Chairperson’s Special Representative Martin Sajdik and the Chief Monitor of the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) Ertugrul Apakan to OSCE Permanent Council.
Sajdik underlined the Trilateral Contact Group’s determination to keep the Minsk Process on track, despite a challenging environment as well as a lack of political will and substantial commitments by the sides. He stated that playing for time is not a viable option for anyone in the present situation.
Sajdik emphasized the key importance of security as a prerequisite in advancing on political, humanitarian and economic issues. The sides must provide security, in order to avoid severe consequences for the population in eastern Ukraine.
The Chief Monitor said that the security situation in Donetsk and Luhansk regions is deteriorating. The sides continue to violate the ceasefire and other agreements. The SMM has recorded a notable increase in the use of weapons proscribed by these agreements, including multiple launch rocket systems and other artillery.
The Chief Monitor reiterated that civilians on both sides of the contact line bear the brunt of this violence. Those responsible for the violence are likewise responsible for death and injury to civilians, for damage to, and even destruction of, civilian homes and infrastructure on which civilians throughout these regions depend, and for perpetuating avoidable humanitarian hardship. He concluded by warning that failure to implement agreements meant that the risk of further escalation remained.
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Child refugees at risk of freezing in Serbia
Source: Save the Children
Country: Hungary, Serbia, World
Nearly 2,000 refugees, including up to 300 children, are at risk of freezing to death, frostbite and hypothermia in makeshift accommodation in Serbia, where temperatures are lower than -14C.
Nearly 2,000 refugees, including up to 300 children, are at risk of freezing to death, frostbite and hypothermia.
Trapped in the Serbian capital, Belgrade, children are sleeping in makeshift accommodation, in temperatures lower than -14C as they wait for access into Hungary.
The abandoned buildings where refugees and migrants are staying have high ceilings, broken windows, no heating, and no toilet facilities.
Keeping warm to stay alive
Children are making beds out of newspapers to keep warm, and in an effort to prepare hot meals, people are making uncontrolled fires out whatever material is available – smoke from these fires is thick black.
As conditions worsen, the number of refugees attempting to cross the border is climbing.
Up to 61 people have already died as a result of the conditions and some have been waiting for nearly six weeks.
Refugees and migrants have made their way here from countries such as conflict-stricken countries such as Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria and Pakistan.
They’re stranded in Serbia because of the time it takes to hear whether their Hungarian asylum application has been successful.
This will determine whether or not they are among the ten people a day allowed to travel into Hungary from that checkpoint.
In 2015, Hungary fortified its border with a razor-wire fence.
Now, two years later, its cruel border policy has left hundreds of child refugees no choice but to battle freezing temperatures in poor living conditions.
Serbia sits on what has been referred to as the ‘Balkans route’, which has been used by hundreds of thousands of refugees to enter Europe, who are fleeing their home nations out of desperation.
It’s now been closed, but thousands still attempt the journey.
How your support is helping
With the help of our supporters, Save the Children has provided crucial support to refugees in freezing conditions. Our response so far has included:
•Transportation of refugees – including hundreds of child refugees – to safe spaces
•Distribution of warm winter clothing to protect them from the freezing conditions
•Healthcare support to children in need of treatment for things like frostbite and hypothermia
Together with local partners, Save the Children is running a drop-in centre in the refugee aid point in Miksaliste, Belgrade.
It provides new arrivals with immediate life-saving assistance while they wait (sometimes for up to six weeks) to register and find accommodation in official shelters.
The drop-in centre also includes a youth space and a child-friendly corner. Our team provides psychosocial support through creative activities. These help children and teenagers deal with the traumatic events they’ve seen and been through.
Save the Children also runs mobile outreach teams providing legal counselling, and identifying and referring vulnerable cases.
UNHCR, IOM and partners respond to Europe’s refugee and migrant situation
Source: International Organization for Migration, UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Italy, World
The Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan aims at complementing and reinforcing government efforts to ensure safe access to asylum and the protection of refugees and migrants.
Switzerland - UNHCR, IOM and 72 partners today (19/1) launched a new strategy and appeal to help respond to the situation of refugees and migrants in Europe in 2017.
The Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan aims at complementing and reinforcing government efforts to ensure safe access to asylum and the protection of refugees and migrants. It also aims to support long-term solutions and orderly and dignified migration management. Strengthened partnership and coordination will also be given priority in 2017.
“Over the past two years, Europe’s response to the arrival of over 1.3 million refugees and migrants on its soil has been faced with many challenges, including how to protect refugees and migrants. This plan is an operational tool which will play a key role to ensure more efficient operations and a better coordinated response throughout 2017,” said Vincent Cochetel, Director of UNHCR’s Europe Bureau.
IOM spokesperson Leonard Doyle added: “We are very concerned about the vulnerability and needs of migrant and refugee children, especially women and girls, and this initiative is exactly what is needed.”
The plan stresses the need for long-term solutions for refugees and migrants, including a robust relocation scheme, support for voluntary returns and reinforced alternative legal pathways to dangerous journeys, including resettlement and family reunification.
Particular emphasis is placed on addressing the specific needs of refugee and migrant children, as well as those of women and girls.
The plan includes pilot projects for a more effective response to meet the needs of unaccompanied and separated children in Europe. Over 25,000 of them arrived by sea in Italy alone in 2016. It also includes strengthening efforts to identify and support survivors of sexual and gender-based violence.
Noting the necessity to address not only the needs of a mainly static population, but also those of people who will continue to move irregularly within Europe, the plan has a large geographical scope and covers Turkey, Southern Europe, Western Balkans and Central Europe, as well as Western and Northern Europe.
The total financial requirements amount to USD 691 million, with a population planning figure of up to 340,000 people, based on previous arrival trends and people present in countries who will receive support through the plan.
Download the full report here.
For further information please contact Leonard Doyle at IOM HQ, Tel: +41 792857123, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Kenyan livestock farmers affected by drought receive a helping hand from the Red Cross
Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies
The destocking exercise enables pastoralists to salvage some capital from their livestock, support families to meet their food needs, relieve pressure on scarce water resources, protect their livelihoods and strengthen drought recovery efforts.
By Noella Musundi, Kenya Red Cross
As drought bites harder in Kenya, affected communities have been losing their cattle. As part of its response, the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) has embarked on an exercise that aims to destock weak cattle by buying cows, goats and sheep from willing pastoralists, at an agreed price of 15,000 Kenya shillings (141 US dollars) per cow; and 5,000 Kenya shillings (48 US dollars) for goats and sheep.
The Kenya Red Cross then uses the purchased animals to produce meat that is distributed to vulnerable households.
The exercise, which of has so far taken place in the North Eastern and Coast regions, kicked off in December 2016.
Among the people who have benefited from this programme is 22-year-old Shukry Abdullahi, a resident of Dukanotu village, in Tana River county.
“The beef I have received today will feed my household for at least three days,” Abdullahi said. “You know, my co-wife died last year and left behind six children who are currently under my care,” she added. Abdullahi has ten children in her household, three of whom are under the age of five.
The ongoing drought has affected more than 1.3 million people in the arid and semi-arid areas of Kenya, with more than 21,000 people currently in need of food assistance.
Eight counties are at the “alarm stage”, namely: Garissa, Lamu, Kilifi, Kwale, Mandera, Marsabit, Samburu and Tana River. The drought situation has affected not just the human population but the livestock population as well, with a mortality rate of five per cent. The rate of malnutrition has also risen to a level of 15 per cent, which is considered critical.
Shukry has lost four of her eight goats as a result of the drought and is afraid that if nothing much is done to support the communities affected, the situation will get worse. “My husband is unemployed and so we depend a lot on our cattle for our livelihood,” she added.
It is estimated that over 14 per cent of the population in Tana River county depend on livestock for income and food. These communities value their cattle and consider them a critical financial asset providing food (milk, meat and eggs) and income (through sale, barter, transport, draught power and work hire).
They are also a significant social asset playing a key role in building and consolidating social relationships and networks within traditional social groups.
The destocking exercise is aimed at removing the affected animals before they become emaciated, lose their value, die or pose a risk of public health.
The programme enables pastoralists to salvage some capital from their livestock at risk, support families with cash to meet their food needs and other basic necessities, relieve pressure on scarce water and pasture resources, protect their livelihoods and strengthen the community’s ability to recover from the short and long effects of the drought.
Direct beneficiaries include the most vulnerable, mainly orphans, people living with disability, the elderly and the chronically ill.
In November 2016, the IFRC launched an Emergency Appeal of 3.8 million Swiss francs to support the KRCS in assisting 114,620 people affected by drought. Interventions focus on health and care, water, sanitation and hygiene, livelihoods, nutrition, food security and disaster risk reduction. The Appeal is currently 14 per cent funded.