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  • Over 5 million people now living in hard-to-reach and besieged locations
    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Syrian Arab Republic

    This represents an increase of 110,000 people in besieged locations and 800,000 in hard-to-reach locations, further highlighting the increasing challenges for humanitarians seeking to assist people across Syria.

    Highlights

    • Over 5.47 million people now living in hard-to-reach and besieged locations

    • Access to these areas remains key challenge for humanitarians

    • Six inter-agency convoys completed under the June interagency operation plan during the reporting period

    • Targeted attacks on hospitals undermine access to health

    • Food assistance reaches Daraya for the first time since November 2012

    • Food insecurity concerns in southern Syria

    Situation Overview

    The number of people in need living in besieged and hard-to-reach areas has risen to 5.47 million, including some 590,000 across in 18 besieged locations, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Stephen O'Brien confirmed in a Security Council briefing as this report went to press. Some 4.9 million people are currently living in hard-to-reach areas.

    This represents an increase of 110,000 people in besieged locations and 800,000 in hard-to-reach locations, further highlighting the increasing challenges for humanitarians seeking to assist people across Syria.

    The main changes were as follows:

    • Al Wa’er neighbourhood in Homs was added to the besieged list.

    • Zabadin in eastern Ghouta was removed from the besieged list, following the Government of Syria retaking the town.

    • SDF/YPG-controlled areas in the north of Syria, namely Ain Al Arab (northern Aleppo Governorate), northern Ar-Raqqa, and northern and central Al-Hasakeh are now classified as hard-to-reach. These areas have been included due to the restrictions imposed on convoys crossing borders from Iraq and Turkey, except for medical supplies which were allowed to cross from Iraq. Although the Peshkabour border with Iraq crossing was opened on 8 June, it would be premature to guarantee the border will remain open indefinitely without restrictions. Additionally, the border crossing has significant limitations in its capacity.

    • Re-evaluations of population estimates in northern rural Homs, including Talbiseh, Ar-rastan, Ghanto,
      Taldu, and Harbanifse, Menbij, At Tall, and Eastern Ghouta, resulted in sizeable changes for both hard-toreach and besieged population numbers.

    • Some areas were removed from the hard-to-reach list, including Nabul and Zahraa in Aleppo, Ziyara and some areas of As-Saan in Hama, Al Wa’er (which was reclassified as besieged), Tadmor and Qarytein in Homs, Kansaba and Rabee’a in Lattakia and Yarboud in Rural Damascus.

    Among the hard-to-reach list, the areas where the humanitarian community is concerned that access issues are creating particularly acute needs include: eastern Aleppo City, Sheikh Maqsoud (N. Aleppo City), Rural Damascus areas of At Tall, Eastern Ghouta, Khan El Shih, Beit Jan, and Beit Sabr as well as northern rural Homs, and Ash Shujara in south-western Dar’a.

    Only 34.3 per cent of people in need in besieged locations and just 13.6 per cent of those living in hard-to-reach locations are being reached on average each month with multi-sectorial assistance (UN and NGO combined), according to February to April figures. While insufficient, this represents a significant increase in monthly reach as compared to last year, which can be attributed to increased cross-line deliveries in particular.

    From January through April, the health sector was only able to access nine of the 18 besieged locations per month and only 40 of the 1,757 hard-to-reach communities (excluding besieged locations) each month.

    Since the beginning of 2016, 844,325 people in hard-to-reach areas, including 334,150 people in besieged locations have received multi-sectorial assistance, through UN inter-agency operations. This is a significant increase over the same period last year, when the number of beneficiaries reached stood at 240,000. Since the beginning of January, a total of 86 inter-agency convoys to besieged and hard-to-reach locations have been undertaken, against a total of 50 in 2014 and 34 in 2015.

    While such numbers show progress, more work is urgently needed to assist the 13.5 million Syrians in need, in particular the 5.47 million people in hard-to-reach and besieged locations.

  • Increased violence in Wau area triggers more displacement
    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: South Sudan

    Violence has caused alarming levels of food insecurity, disrupted livelihoods for thousands and affected access to vital community services, as the ICWG identifies over 100,000 people in need.

    Violence in Western Bahr el Ghazal

    Since mid-2015 there have been increasing levels of violence in the Wau area of WBeG. Long standing intercommunal tensions between Fertit and Dinka groups last escalated into serious violence in 2012. In December 2015, a deployment of Government forces to the town exacerbated already significant tensions in the area. What is likely to have started as a local protest is increasingly becoming a mobilisation of greater significance, with militia groups conducting larger operations. On 15 June, an attack on the town of Raga demonstrated how anti-government militias were gaining strength and support in the region. The Government has countered by using militia groups to support regular SPLA soldiers, which is likely to lead to further tensions and corresponding violence. Displacement of people in the vicinity of Wau, in addition to significant displacement taking place in Raga, is set to continue.

    101,955* IDPs in Wau County
    4,667* IDPs registered in Udici Payam, Jur River

    Humanitarian Needs

    The ICWG has now identified over 100,000 people in need of humanitarian assistance and protection in Wau County with reports civilians have been targeted, threatened, killed, tortured, raped, abducted and repeatedly displaced. The violence has caused alarming levels of food insecurity, disrupted livelihoods for thousands and affected access to vital community services. Humanitarians are experiencing increasingly complex access negotiations in what is already a difficult and remote working environment. IOM is also concerned about reports from attacks in Raja, with thousands displaced and humanitarian goods and equipment looted and destroyed.

  • Nepal's displaced exposed to impact of coming monsoon season
    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: Nepal

    Over 21,000 individuals are still living in camps after the earthquakes, which have by now deteriorated and are not built to withstand the effects of the oncoming monsoon season.

    Nepal - In April and May 2015, Nepal suffered from two devastating earthquakes, killing over 8,000 people, destroying private homes and public infrastructure and causing 2.8 million people to be displaced.

    In fear of further earthquakes, landslides and collapsing buildings, over 117,000 people sought refuge in displacement sites in 14 of the worst affected districts across the country.

    Since the onset of the emergency, IOM, as the global and national co-lead for Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM), has been actively providing and ensuring services to meet individuals’ basic needs in the camps.

    Over a year now has passed since these earthquakes and over 21,000 individuals are still living in camps, which have by now significantly deteriorated. This increases families’ exposure to the dangerous effects of the coming monsoon season. Data collected from IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) identifies that 28 percent of this displaced population currently resides in makeshift shelters made of tents and tarpaulins that are not built to withstand the horrible weather conditions that accompany the monsoon, highlighting the urgent need to support these families with a safe shelter solution.

    The adverse weather experienced during the monsoon season will worsen the already abysmal living conditions of those remaining in the camps, increasing their exposure to viral and bacterial diseases. As only 48 percent of the displaced population living in the sites have access to basic healthcare, individuals remain extremely vulnerable to various health concerns which could be mitigated through the provision of site improvements including interventions in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), distribution of shelter/non-food items and awareness campaigns on health and protection concerns.

    Based on experience from the 2014 monsoon season in Nepal, over 200 individuals were killed, 50,000 displaced and 180,000 affected from flooding and landslides. Considering the increased vulnerability of the displaced population due to the 2015 earthquakes, potentially disastrous outcomes are ahead for 21,000 displaced persons remaining in the camps. Moreover, severe flooding and landslides could further displace households living outside the camps, risking the extreme overcrowding of already congested displacement sites.

    The Government of Nepal - National Reconstruction Authority (NRA) and Ministry of Urban Development and Construction, the CCCM leader for Nepal – requested IOM provide emergency life-saving assistance through the provision of shelter and site improvements to mitigate the harmful impacts of the monsoon season on vulnerable earthquake-affected families.

    Reiterating the critical importance of providing life-saving assistance in a timely and effective manner, IOM appeals to the international community for collaboration and support in this time of urgent need. IOM is actively seeking USD 600,000 to jumpstart assistance for the extremely vulnerable caseload of displaced households remaining in camps in light of the monsoon season.

    For further information, please contact. Maurizio Busatti, IOM Nepal, Tel. +977980 1004510, Email: mbusatti@iom.int or Ariani Hasanah Soejoeti, Tel. +97798101 75020, Email: ahasoejoeti@iom.int

  • IOM responds to malaria upsurge in Bentiu, South Sudan
    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: South Sudan

    IOM has deployed 40,000 additional rapid diagnostic test kits for malaria as well as additional anti-malarial medications to respond to an upsurge in malaria cases in Bentiu.

    South Sudan - IOM is scaling up resources to respond to an upsurge in malaria cases at the UN protection of civilians (PoC) site in Bentiu, South Sudan. During the first two weeks of June, malaria cases have more than doubled, accounting for at least 50 per cent of all health consultations at IOM’s two primary health care clinics in the site and its mobile clinic in nearby Bentiu town. The increase is attributed to the start of the rainy season, which leads to stagnant bodies of water and increases the spread of vector-borne diseases.

    IOM has deployed 40,000 additional rapid diagnostic test kits for malaria to Bentiu, as well as additional anti-malarial medications. In coordination with the Health Cluster, IOM has begun registering all households in the site to receive mosquito nets to prevent malaria transmission.

    Through health and hygiene promoters, IOM is reaching the community with key information on how malaria presents, where to get early treatment and prevention.

    “Malaria is now the number one leading disease in the PoC site. All persons with fever are advised to come for early testing and treatment to reduce mortality and disease burden,” advises Dr. Andrew Mbala, IOM’s Migration Health Emergency Coordinator.

    To decongest clinics as health consultations increases, IOM plans to construct temporary health outposts to increase access to primary health care and encourage timely health-seeking habits.

    More than 95,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) are currently seeking shelter at the site as a result of insecurity and depleted food resources since conflict broke out in South Sudan in December 2013.

    Extensive land-works projects, led by IOM, since 2015 have significantly improved living conditions at the site, particularly through proper drainage structures that reduce flooding.

    IOM continues to provide safe drinking water to more than 43,300 IDPs at the site on a daily basis, as well as maintain sanitation facilities and conduct regular waste disposal. As camp manager of the site, IOM also ensures timely coordination of humanitarian assistance and response to IDP needs.

    The crisis in South Sudan has displaced more than 2.4 million people and left an estimated 6.1 million people in need of protection and humanitarian assistance. IOM continues to provide multi-sector assistance to displaced and vulnerable populations across the country, both in PoC sites and remote locations, as part of a multi-agency effort to reach 5.1 million people with lifesaving aid this year.

    For further information, please contact Ashley McLaughlin at IOM South Sudan, Tel: +211 922 405 716, Email: amclaughlin@iom.int

  • Colombia, FARC rebels sign historic ceasefire
    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Colombia

    The ceasefire and disarmament agreement comprise one of the last steps toward ending a half-century conflict that has killed hundreds of thousands of people.

    Havana, Cuba | AFP | Thursday 6/24/2016 - 01:17 GMT

    by Alexander Grosbois in Havana with Alina Dieste in Bogota

    The Colombian government and FARC rebels signed a ceasefire and disarmament agreement Thursday, one of the last steps toward ending a half-century conflict that has killed hundreds of thousands of people.

    The deal puts a definitive end to fighting in Latin America's longest civil war, which has torn the country apart with shootings and bombardments in its coca-rich jungles and hills.

    President Juan Manuel Santos and FARC leader Timoleon Jimenez shook hands and smiled after negotiators signed the deal at a ceremony in Cuba.

    The deal establishes "a bilateral ceasefire and end to hostilities and the definitive laying down of arms," according to the text.

    "This is a historic day for our country," Santos said in a speech to assembled leaders including UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.

    "After more than 50 years of confrontations, deaths, attacks and pain, we have put a final end to the armed conflict with the FARC."

    Disarmament will begin after the signing of a full final peace agreement, expected within weeks.

    "Let this be the last day of the war," Jimenez said.

    Thursday's agreements "leave us on the verge of completing a final accord relatively soon," he added.

    The final deal "will allow us to return at last to legal political activity through peaceful and democratic means."

    • Tears of joy -

    In the Colombian capital of Bogota, crowds gathered to watch the announcement on a big screen.

    One man, Camilo Gonzalez, was moved to tears.

    "It has been a tragic journey. Millions of victims, people displaced, fighting, broken dreams," he said.

    "But I think now we have reached a moment of hope."

    Under the agreement, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) must hand over its weapons to United Nations monitors within six months.

    The FARC's members -- an estimated 7,000 or so -- will gather in "normalization zones" for a demobilization process.

    The sides also agreed to government action against "criminal organizations" blamed for fueling the conflict.

    The United States congratulated Colombia. "We will stand ready to help the Colombian people as they work toward a just and lasting peace," said US National Security Advisor Susan Rice.

    The European Union's foreign representative Federica Mogherini in a statement called it a "a turning point in the Colombian peace process."

    "Now all efforts must be devoted to reaching a final comprehensive agreement that will pave the way to durable peace in the country" and justice for victims, she said.

    • 260,000 dead -

    The Colombian conflict started in the 1960s as a rural uprising for land rights that spawned the communist FARC.

    The conflict has drawn in various leftist rebel groups, right-wing paramilitaries and drug gangs over the decades.

    It has left 260,000 people dead, 45,000 missing and nearly seven million displaced, according to official figures.

    Human rights groups say atrocities have been committed on all sides. Many families are still searching for missing loved ones.

    Thursday's deal resolves one of the final points in peace talks between the government and the FARC, the country's largest rebel group.

    However, the means of implementing the final peace deal remain to be settled after three-and-a-half years of negotiations.

    The two sides said they would wait for the courts to rule on whether a referendum can be held to endorse the accord, and would accept the court's decision.

    Although peace with the FARC would virtually end the conflict, other armed groups are still operating in Colombia.

    A bid to hold peace talks between the government and the second-biggest rebel group, the leftist National Liberation Army (ELN), has stumbled because of its alleged kidnappings.

    "The activity of the ELN above all and the criminal gangs means that we cannot yet talk of a complete end to the armed conflict," said Kyle Johnson, Colombia analyst for the International Crisis Group.

    "It will be the end of Colombia's biggest armed conflict, but not all of them."

    ag-rlp/bfm

    © 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse

  • ‘Medieval’ sieges, barrel bombs are ‘disgusting reality’ in Syria – senior UN officials
    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Syrian Arab Republic

    “Organizing the delivery of aid must remain the responsibility of the UN and its partners based on need, and not subject to political or other considerations,” the UN humanitarian chief stressed.

    23 June 2016 – The recent “stuttering momentum” in delivering humanitarian aid to Syria’s besieged and hard-to-reach populations must be significantly expanded in the second half of 2016, the United Nations humanitarian chief told the Security Council today, warning that progress made to date was only “a trickle” of the country’s overwhelming needs.

    “There is something fundamentally wrong in a world where attacks on hospitals and schools […] have become so commonplace that they cease to incite any reaction,” said Stephen O’Brien, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, in a briefing to the 15-member body.

    Violence continues unbridled in many parts of the country, he stressed. Indeed, according to the latest report of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian an Arab Republic, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/Da’esh) is committing genocide and multiple crimes against humanity and war crimes against the Yazidis in the east.

    In Aleppo Governorate, an ISIL offensive on Azaz and the surrounding area has led to numerous civilian casualties, threatening up to 200,000 of the population, and in Menbij, 45,000 people had been displaced and some 65,000 others were now encircled by the Syrian Democratic Forces.

    The cruel conflict continued to tear families apart and inflicted brutal suffering on the innocent, he said, recalling that, last week, at least six children had been killed and tens of others injured in heinous attacks near the Sayidda Zeinab shrine.

    Millions more are in the line of fire, facing crushing poverty and alarming physical danger. Children have been forcibly detained, tortured, subjected to sexual violence and in some cases executed. Some had been recruited by ISIL and other armed groups.

    Since January, some 844,325 people have been reached by the UN and its partners through inter-agency cross-line convoys, Mr. O’Brien reported, including reaching 334,150 of the 590,200 people living in besieged areas as designated by the UN. Nevertheless, major protection concerns, needs and suffering remain. There are now an estimated five million people living in hard-to-reach areas, an increase of over 900,000 people from the previous estimate.

    It is vital that the stuttering momentum sustained on humanitarian access over the past few months continued and improved, he said, expressing hope that by the end of the month all besieged locations will have been reached.

    “Organizing the delivery of aid must remain the responsibility of the United Nations and its partners based on need, and not subject to political or other considerations,” he stressed.

    The United Nations has submitted its July access plan to the Syrian authorities, requesting access to reach some 1,220,750 beneficiaries in 35 besieged, hard-to-reach and cross-line priority locations. That request had to be approved without any preconditions, stressed Mr. O’Brien, who is also the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator.

    “As I have said numerous times before, we remain committed and ready to deliver aid – through any possible modality including air drops – for civilians in desperate need, whoever and wherever they are,” he said, but stressed that the bottom line, however, is that the real extent of the progress cannot only be measured by ad hoc deliveries to besieged communities.

    That dozens of barrel bombs were reportedly dropped on 10 June in Darayya – the day after the UN and the Syrian Arab Red Cross (SARC) delivered the first food aid to the town since November 2012 – shows that the situation for people in besieged and hard-to-reach areas will not be solved by humanitarian aid delivery alone.

    “The real measure will be when the sieges, these medieval sieges, are no more, when boys don’t risk sniper fire when bringing medicine to their mothers, when doctors can administer lifesaving treatments without the fear of imminent attacks, when Yazidi girls don’t have to scratch their faces out of fear of being bought and sexually enslaved. That is the disgusting reality in Syria today,” he concluded.

    ‘Besiegement belongs in the Middle Ages’

    Meanwhile in Geneva, Staffan de Mistura, UN Special Envoy for Syria, Jan Egeland, his Senior Special Advisor, and Yacoub El Hillo, UN Resident Coordinator/Humanitarian Coordinator for Syria, briefed the press on a meeting of the humanitarian task force set up by the International Syria Support Group (ISSG) – consisting of the UN, the Arab League, the European Union and 18 countries that have been working on a way forward since late last year.

    Mr. de Mistura said that the timing of resumption of the intra-Syrian talks would depend on the discussions he will have in New York and Washington in the coming days, and in particular the debate on Syria at the Security Council next week. He said he still hopes that the talks will resume in July.

    Mr. Egeland said that altogether, 16 out of the 18 besieged areas have been reached since the Task Force started work in February. The two remaining areas are Arbeen and Zamalka, both in rural Damascus, where humanitarian aid is expected to reach next week. But the Government has cleared aid for only a fraction of an estimated 40,000 people in those places.

    He said ISSG members are aware that humanitarian assistance is only alleviating the suffering of the Syrian people. “Besiegement is continuing, it should never be there in the first place […] it belongs in the Middle Ages, not in our time,” he said.

    Medical relief has not gotten much better. The main reason for people dying within besieged areas is because there is no medical service for easily preventable diseases, he said.

    For his part, Mr. El Hillo said that 13.5 million Syrians are in need of humanitarian assistance today, not all of them in besieged or hard-to-reach areas. The United Nations is very much on the ground, operating in different parts of Syria with a powerful network of both international and national partners who are also working from inside Syria but also from across the borders.

    But the international donor community must remember that “the cost of doing humanitarian business in Syria is very high because of all the complications and all the impediments,” he said, stressing that humanitarian appeal for 2016 is funded at 20 per cent.

  • Despite progress in political situation, food and nutrition security decline
    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

    The economic decline and high inflation combined with disrupted harvests and livelihoods continue to worsen the food security situation. Eastern Equatoria, Northern Bahr el Ghazal and Western Bahr el Ghazal are among the most affected.

    Highlights

    • Deteriorating food and nutrition security, driven by high food prices and the declining economic situation is affecting South Sudanese across the country.

    • In Sudan and Uganda, the rate of new arrivals has slowed compared to previous months. It remains to be seen whether the numbers will increase given the deteriorating food security conditions in South Sudan.

    • WFP requires USD 74 million for the next six months to meet the needs of all refugees in Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda. Food stocks are stretched and WFP requires immediate funds, particularly for Sudan and Uganda.

    Overview

    Despite progress in the political situation following the formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity, the economic decline, depreciation of the South Sudanese pound and sporadic violence in some parts of the country continue to have a significant impact on the humanitarian needs within the country.

    Reports indicate attacks by armed groups in Raja town on 15 June resulted in death, destruction of property and displacements. In addition, clashes between government forces and an armed group were reported in Leer town, Unity State. The deteriorating economic conditions coupled with rising prices of essential commodities is contributing to rising criminality in most parts of the country.

    Food insecurity remains a key concern throughout the country. The economic decline and high inflation combined with disrupted harvests and livelihoods continue to worsen the food security situation. Eastern Equatoria, Northern Bahr el Ghazal and Western Bahr el Ghazal are exhibiting the most rapid decline in the food security situation. WFP is scaling up its efforts to reach food insecure households through the lean season to prevent a further decline in the food security and nutritional status of the population. General food distributions are ongoing alongside food assistance for assets programmes in Northern Bahr el Ghazal and Eastern Equatoria.

    In addition to providing food assistance inside South Sudan, WFP provides food assistance for refugees at border crossings, during transit, at reception centres and upon settlement in the camps. Nutrition interventions are ongoing to treat and prevent malnutrition for children below 5 years, pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers.

  • Situation humanitaire toujours alarmante dans le bassin du Lac Tchad
    Source: World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone

    Au Tchad, environ 2 millions de personnes sont en insécurité alimentaire, dont 400 000 personnes sous la forme sévère dans les huit régions de la bande sahélienne.

    L'ESSENTIEL

    • Au Tchad, l’insécurité alimentaire s’est aggravée par rapport aux trois dernières années dans les régions de la bande sahélienne.
    • Des précipitations moyennes à légèrement excédentaires sont très probables sur toute la bande sahélienne.
    • Situation humanitaire toujours alarmante dans le bassin du Lac Tchad malgré la diminution du nombre de réfugiés et de personnes déplacées.

    La période est marquée par la fin des cultures de décrue et l’installation progressive des pluies correspondant au démarrage de la campagne agricole 2016-2017. Dans les pays du golfe de Guinée, des précipitations déficitaires à moyennes sont observées en ce début de saison, tandis que sur toute la bande sahélienne, des précipitations moyennes à légèrement excédentaires sont très probables. La situation pastorale est marquée par une raréfaction précoce des ressources fourragères avec un mauvais embonpoint au Niger, alors que dans le reste de la région, les conditions d’élevage sont globalement moyennes avec des pâturages de moins en moins fournis et des conditions d’abreuvement en dégradation.

    Les déplacements de populations liés aux crises nigériane et malienne se poursuivent avec un nombre de personnes retournées croissant et une diminution du nombre de personnes réfugiées et déplacées. Ces retours s’expliquent d’une part par la sécurisation des zones d’origine, et d’autre part par la présence d’acteurs humanitaires dans les zones de retour.

    La situation humanitaire dans le bassin du Lac Tchad reste préoccupante. Au Tchad, environ 2 millions de personnes sont en insécurité alimentaire dont 400 000 personnes sous la forme sévère dans les huit régions de la bande sahélienne (Kanem, Lac, Bahr el Gazel, Batha, Wadi Fira, Sila, Guéra, Ouaddaï). Le taux de la malnutrition Aigüe Globale est au-dessus du seuil d’urgence dans six de ces huit régions. Au Nigéria, plus de 800 000 personnes (dont 550 000 à Borno et 255 000 à Yobe) sont en insécurité alimentaire sévère et ont besoin d’une assistance alimentaire immédiate.

  • After decades in Pakistan, more Afghan refugees set to return
    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Afghanistan, Pakistan

    Pakistan wants to repatriate some of the almost 1.6 million refugees living in the country. UNHCR has set aside funds for 60,000 returnees.

    Pakistan wants to repatriate some of the almost 1.6 million refugees living in the country. UNHCR has set aside funds for 60,000 returnees.

    PESHAWAR, Pakistan, June 23 (UNHCR) - Families sat quietly. Small children explored among the chairs. These people were going back, some after decades. And they were going back for good.

    They were Afghan refugees and this was the Voluntary Repatriation Centre of UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, in Peshawar.

    Payenda Bibi Shahnaz sat in a wheelchair. Her husband Shamamud sat in another one. They have been refugees in Pakistan for 33 years but they, too, are going back to Afghanistan with their two sons, who will take care of them.

    UNHCR will also help them after they return to their country.

    “I simply can’t afford treatment for my illness here,” she said. “We have no other option.”
    The two met with UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi, who visited the centre today and wished them luck. UNCHR also provides returning refugees with $200 for initial travel and housing.

    There is now a concerted push from the Pakistan government to repatriate a large number of the almost one million refugees living in the Peshawar district. UNHCR has set aside funds for 60,000 returnees.

    But so far this year just over 6,000 have actually crossed the border permanently.

    For many the moment they hand in their Pakistan refugee registration card is emotional. School pupils are often in tears, thinking they may not see their friends again.

    What drives most is economic necessity.

    Qudsia is 40 and a mother of four children. She came to Pakistan as a child. Now she and her husband have decided to go back.

    “We decided to return because it’s so expensive. We have problems. My husband is diabetic and there is no work here.”

    But many more choose to remain. They told Grandi at a ‘shura’, or community meeting, that educational and economic opportunities kept them in Pakistan. They also feared the violence in their home country. Of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces, 31 have seen scenes of conflict in recent months.

    Another great fear is centred on their Pakistan Proof of Registration cards. These are all due to run out on June 30. Without them, refugees are subject to arrest and even deportation. Grandi said he had strongly urged the Pakistan government to extend their validity. The decision will be made by the Pakistan cabinet.

    Grandi told them he understood their fears and their concerns that $200 is not enough to resettle in an uncertain country.

    “I have heard the shura representatives,” he said. “We will increase the repatriation package very soon. We will work to create better conditions for returnees. I have talked about this with Afghan government leaders.”

    He talked of his meeting with Afghan president Ashraf Ghani. Ghani told him he had ordered an inventory of available government land. The goal would be to set up a resettlement programme for refugees similar to a pilot scheme in Herat for internally displaced people.

    Refugees, like the internally displaced in Herat, would be given plots for houses. Water and electricity would be supplied.

    Grandi also addressed the refugees’ fears that they are being made scapegoats after attacks or violent incidents along the Pakistan-Afghan border.

    “I have heard your message. Refugees are not terrorists. I agree with that.”

    He said he had stressed to Pakistan government leaders that the whole refugee population must not be blamed or penalized for such actions.

  • Floods subside in Somalia but impact remains
    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Somalia

    Nearly 70 per cent of the 70,000 people affected by flooding have begun to return to their homes but some remain displaced as their shelters have been destroyed or remain waterlogged.

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • Floods subside in Belet Weyne but impact remains

    • Cholera outbreak continues

    • Gu rainy season shorter than usual in Puntland and Somaliland

    • UN refugee chief visits Kenya and Somalia.

    FIGURES

    # of people in humanitarian emergency and crisis 7 1m

    # of people in food security stress 3.7m

    # of acutely 305,000 malnourished children under age 5 Source: FSNAU February 2016

    # of internally displaced people 1.1m

    # of Somali refugees in the Horn of Africa and Yemen 1.2m Source: UNHCR

    FUNDING

    885 million requested for 2016 (US$)

    28% ($249 million)

    $315 million - Total humanitarian funding received for Somalia (reflects reported funding on FTS as of 23 June 2016) Source: http://fts.unocha.org

    Floods subside but impact continues

    Displaced people return, but need additional assistance

    Nearly 70 per cent of the 70,000 people affected by flooding along the Shabelle River in Belet Weyne, Hiraan region have begun to return to their homes according to latest reports from humanitarian partners. However, some remain displaced as their shelters and latrines have been destroyed or remain waterlogged. The return of the displaced to their homes is being driven, in part, by the start of the Hagaa cold season and the delivery of food aid in return areas.

    The flood waters along Shabelle River caused extensive damage to crops in Belet Weyne and the surrounding areas and destroyed infrastructure at the local hospital, further worsening the situation at the facility, which has grappled with severe underfunding. There are concerns that the food security situation may worsen in the affected areas in the coming months due to below average rains reported at 82mm by FAO-managed Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM) and crops destroyed by flooding. The next harvest is expected in August 2016. The cost of cereal has doubled in the last few weeks up from US$0.7 to $1.5, according to the Food Security cluster. Flooding also occurred in Balcaad and Jowhar leading to displacement and destruction of some farmlands and crops. In Jowhar district, 1,140 people were temporarily displaced in Brimo Asento village.
    Partners step up response to flood affected people

    As displaced families begin to return in the Belet Weyne area, partners are rehabilitating damaged infrastructure, including improvised repairs to broken river embankments to mitigate the impact of future flooding. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) partners supplied 50,000 litres of clean water to over 20,000 people. In addition, 50 communal latrines have been dug in areas where people have been displaced to in order to promote hygiene and minimize the risk of water-borne diseases including AWD/cholera. Over 30,000 people received hygiene kits and water purification tablets. Some 20,000 sand bags were distributed to reinforce river banks and prevent flood waters from affecting more settlements. The WASH cluster is working with communities on hygiene promotion in areas where people have returned. The health cluster established mobile health services in Banaaney, Ceel Jaale and Shiirkaneco and restored operations at Belet Weyne General Hospital. The Food Security cluster distributed one month food ration to over 60,000 people, 10,000 of whom received nutrition supplements.

    Some 3,000 people received unconditional cash relief for food assistance. Shelter cluster partners distributed NFI kits to over 33,000 people while 2,400 people received unconditional cash grants to buy the kits. The governments of Djibouti and Saudi Arabia provided food to 9,000 and 15,000 people, respectively. Protection cluster partners distributed 75 dignity kits to people in various displacement centres. Schools are expected to resume in August and the response is focused on rehabilitating school facilities damaged by flooding and to support the Ministry of Education to conduct final examinations.

    The Somali Federal Government and the National Drought Committee pledged a total of $150,000 in May for food assistance in Belet Weyne. Already, the National Drought Committee has disbursed $32,000 for food assistance for 7,200 people. Joint post flood assessments by the government and humanitarian partners are ongoing to establish the extent of the damage and assistance needed to facilitate recovery.

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Mis à jour (Samedi, 04 Février 2012 08:18)

 

PostHeaderIcon Présentation du DICAF

But: INTERVENTIONS contre les catastrophes & les FORMATIONS s'y rapportant

1° Interventions contre les catastrophes.

Apport d'aide d'urgence par des équipes d'intervention professionnelles hautement qualifiées et dotées de matériels de sauvetage appropriés aux problèmes rencontrés :

Tremblement de terre, glissement de terrain, explosion, effondrement d'immeuble, tempête, ouragan, typhon, inondations, accident technologique, catastrophe sociologique ; tous lieux où il doit être procédé à la recherche, la localisation, la médicalisation et le sauvetage de personnes ou d'animaux.

Mis à jour (Mardi, 01 Novembre 2011 16:47)

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