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  • Ferme des 1000 veaux : "l'entreprise collective que vous avez conçue à la ferme Saint-Martial présente un caractère d'exemple"
    11 février 2017 - Actualité

    Ferme des 1000 veaux : "l'entreprise collective que vous avez conçue à la ferme Saint-Martial présente un caractère d'exemple"

    Bernard Cazeneuve s'est rendu le 10 février 2017 à la Ferme Saint-Martial dans la Creuse, cible d'un incendie criminel le 22 décembre 2016. Le Premier ministre est venu exprimer le soutien moral et financier du Gouvernement. Il a réaffirmé toute sa confiance dans le choix stratégique des éleveurs et des élus locaux pour développer l'activité au bénéfice de l’agriculture et du territoire.
     
    Il est 5 heures du matin, le 22 décembre 2016, quand un incendie est signalé dans un bâtiment du centre d'engraissement de Saint-Martial-le-Vieux (Creuse). Les flammes embrasent la quasi totalité des 1 500 m² du bâtiment de stockage de fourrage. Les animaux sur place n'ont pas été touchés. Selon la préfecture, "il s’agit de toute évidence d’un incendie volontaire et criminel puisque des tags ont été retrouvés sur le bâtiment", auxquels il faut ajouter des propos injurieux inscrits à l'endroit de l'entreprise et de la ministre de l'Environnement, de l'Énergie et de la Mer.
     
    Élevage : soutien moral et financier de Bernard Cazeneuve à la Ferme des 1000 veaux dans la Creuse

    Soutenu et subventionné par l’Etat et les collectivités locales, ce centre, plus connu sous l'appellation "Ferme des 1 000 veaux", accueillait des "broutards", des veaux de 8-9 mois, nourris sur place plusieurs mois. Suite à la parution du décret du 5 décembre 2016 - portant sur la modification de la nomenclature des installations classées pour la protection de l'environnement dans le Code de l'environnement - des voix d'associations de défense de l’environnement et du bien-être animal s'étaient élevées pour exprimer leurs désaccords.

    Le ministre de l'Agriculture, Stéphane Le Foll, a le jour même condamné avec la plus grande fermeté les exactions et "les qualificatifs inadmissibles et diffamatoires, employés dans des inscriptions retrouvées sur les bâtiments, en particulier à propos d’une ministre de la République". Il a rappelé que les pouvoirs publics n'avaient eu de cesse "depuis 2012, de travailler avec les éleveurs et les défenseurs de la cause animale" et qu’il recherchera "toujours une approche équilibrée des problématiques agricoles".

    Exclure la violence

    En se rendant sur place, ce 10 février 2017, le Premier ministre, Bernard Cazeneuve, est venu "exprimer un soutien moral face à l'acte" dont ont été victimes les éleveurs concernés. Il a aussi réaffirmé avec force les valeurs démocratiques et de dialogue dans un État de droit : "Je suis venu ici aussi pour vous dire comme républicain que si je suis attaché à la pluralité des points de vue, je suis déterminé à faire en sorte que jamais on ne puisse dans un État de droit, dans la République, imposer sa volonté par la violence."
     
    Bernard Cazeneuve a également remis en perspective le rôle primordial de l'élevage bovin dans la région. Il est venu réaffirmer le soutien financier de l'État afin de "surmonter le sinistre", mais surtout pour permettre le redémarrage et le développement de l'activité "dont la réussite est cruciale pour les éleveurs."

    Un rôle central au service de l'économie locale…

    Bernard Cazeneuve a mis en exergue l'activité de la ferme Saint-Martial au sein du département de la Creuse. Une démarche globale ayant fait le choix d'un circuit-court pourvoyeur d'activités économiques non délocalisées : "l'entreprise collective que vous avez conçue à la ferme Saint-Martial présente un caractère d'exemple. Dans une région où l'élevage bovin est le pilier fondamental de l’activité agricole, où il assure le maintien de l’activité économique, où il permet l’entretien du territoire et des paysages, cette démarche des éleveurs, des élus, répond à des objectifs que chacun ne peut que partager."

     … et de l'environnement

    Avec des conséquences positives sur l'environnement, car ainsi que le souligne le Premier ministre, les "broutards" ne seront plus transportés "à destination des centres d'engraissement, en Italie ou en Espagne", allégeant d'autant la facture carbone. De plus, précise-t-il, cette exploitation "participe au développement des énergies renouvelables, grâce aux panneaux photovoltaïques que nous avons vus sur 5 hectares, grâce au projet de méthanisateur qui est le vôtre".
     
    Et de conclure : "Je veux que vous sachiez que dans la responsabilité qui est la mienne, je ne laisserai jamais des campagnes se développer à l'encontre de l'initiative que vous avez prise parce que j'estime que lorsqu'il y a de bons projets, qui sont de nature à rehausser les chances et les atouts des territoires, il est du rôle de ceux qui gouvernent la France de les valoriser et de soutenir leurs promoteurs."
  • Grenoble-Alpes, une métropole placée sous le signe de la transition énergétique
    Vue générale de Grenoble
    9 février 2017 - Actualité

    Grenoble-Alpes, une métropole placée sous le signe de la transition énergétique

    En déplacement à Grenoble, Bernard Cazeneuve a signé, jeudi 9 février, le pacte métropolitain d’innovation de Grenoble-Alpes Métropole. Dans la continuité de la politique environnementale menée par la cité iséroise depuis 20 ans, ce dernier vise à développer un nouvel écosystème métropolitain intégré pour la transition énergétique.
     
    Pacte métropolitain d'innovation : "Ces accords portent haut l’ambition de Grenoble-Alpes Métropole"


    Un choix "naturel"

    Le territoire de la métropole iséroise est composé à 88% d’espaces naturels, agricoles et forestiers. Cette richesse est constitutive de l’identité de Grenoble, et c’est donc naturellement que la métropole a rattaché son  Pacte métropolitain d’innovation (PMI) à la thématique "transition énergétique et environnement", l’un des trois grandes orientations proposées au niveau national dans le cadre des PMI.

    Premier pôle urbain alpin, la métropole iséroise a naturellement choisi de développer un écosystème métropolitain intégré pour la transition énergétique, afin de répondre à trois enjeux majeurs :
     
    • maintien du dynamisme économique au service de l’emploi ;
    • lutte contre les changements climatiques et engagement dans la transition énergétique ;
    • renforcement de la cohésion sociale du territoire. 
    "Grenoble s’affirme depuis près de quarante ans comme une des capitales françaises de l’innovation. (...) En signant aujourd’hui un pacte métropolitain, mon ambition est que l’État accompagne Grenoble-Alpes Métropole dans sa stratégie d’innovation et favorise son rayonnement international."
    Bernard Cazeneuve
    Entretien accordé au Dauphiné Libéré (9 février 2017)

    Les grands axes de l’écosystème

    Le pacte métropolitain d’innovation de Grenoble, signé par le Premier ministre, s’articule donc autour de trois grands axes :
     
    • Le renforcement de la part des énergies renouvelables et de récupération dans l’approvisionnement énergétique du territoire, en cohérence avec le plan Air, énergie, climat et la dynamique Territoire à énergie positive pour la croissance verte (TEPCV)
    Le projet le plus emblématique de cet axe de développement est la construction d’une centrale biomasse qui, couplée à une cogénération, permettra à terme d’atteindre 70% d’énergie renouvelable dans le réseau de chaleur.

    Le PMI prévoit également le raccordement du réseau de chaleur urbain de l’agglomération à la plateforme chimique du sud de la Métropole, qui permet une diversification de l’approvisionnement énergétique.

    Enfin, la Métropole projette la construction d’un réseau de chaleur 100% biomasse sur le secteur Est, et soutient le développement des parcs photovoltaïque en milieu urbain.
     
    • Le renouvellement de la gouvernance de l’énergie
    La Métropole souhaite jouer pleinement son rôle d’autorité organisatrice de l’énergie et devenir l’unique collectivité compétente. Cela passe par l’inclusion des compétences actuellement exercées par le Syndicat d’énergie du département de l’Isère (SEDI) dans le périmètre décisionnel de la métropole, et la construction d’un service public de la donnée énergétique.
     
    • Le développement de projets "mobilité-déplacements" dans la dynamique de transition énergétique des territoires
    Consciente des enjeux liés à la qualité de l’air, et dans le prolongement du Plan Air énergie climat adopté en 2014, la métropole poursuit sa réflexion sur le développement d’une mobilité à dimension environnementale. Le PMI Grenoble-Alpes prévoit donc la mise en œuvre d’une stratégie de transition énergétique du parc de véhicules techniques et des transports en commun, avec l’ambition remplacer les bus diesel par des bus plus responsables. 
     
    "Dans les domaines de la transition énergétique et de la qualité de l’air, Grenoble a un temps d’avance et peut s’appuyer sur un écosystème exceptionnel qui réunit des centres de recherche de premier plan, des universités et des entreprises."
    Bernard Cazeneuve
    Entretien accordé au Dauphiné Libéré (9 février 2017)

    Solidarité entre les territoires

    Dans le cadre du contrat de coopération métropolitaine (CCM), la métropole grenobloise contribuera au développement et à l’amplification des dynamiques de coopération avec les territoires environnants.
    Les possibilités de coopération identifiées par la métropole iséroise concernent trois thèmes principaux :
     
    • Mobilités douces et transports en commun
    Ce volet vise à améliorer les liaisons entre la Métropole et les territoires voisins, pour limiter la pollution et atténuer la congestion aux entrées de la métropole.
     
    • Diffusion de la dynamique économique métropolitaine avec les territoires péri-urbains et ruraux
    Ce volet repose sur le développement d’une stratégie interterritoriale agroalimentaire visant à améliorer l’autonomie alimentaire et limiter les déplacements, ainsi que sur la revitalisation économique, industrielle et touristique des territoires du sud de la métropole.
     
    • Renforcement de la coopération avec les massifs et parcs naturels régionaux
    La métropole Grenoble-Alpes est entourée par trois grands parcs naturels : le Vercors, la Chartreuse et Belledonne. Pour renforcer la coopération entre ces parcs et la métropole, le CCM prévoit l’élaboration d’un schéma directeur de conservation et de valorisation patrimoniale.
     
    "Ce pacte est un outil pour favoriser la diffusion de ces innovations: nous avons ainsi voulu que la dynamique de la métropole contribue à la revitalisation industrielle et touristique des territoires voisins."
    Bernard Cazeneuve
    Entretien accordé au Dauphiné Libéré (9 février 2017)
     
    Le rôle des pactes métropolitains d’innovation
    Ces partenariats particuliers, dont les thèmes ont été définis conjointement, visent à intensifier le contenu innovant des politiques conduites par les métropoles.

    Un choix entre trois thématiques a été proposé au plan national pour cette démarche de partenariat État-métropoles : transition énergétique et environnement, ville intelligente et mobilités, excellence économique et rayonnement international.

    Chaque pacte métropolitain d’innovation contient un volet dit "Contrat de coopération métropolitaine" (ou CCM) inspiré du dispositif "Contrats de réciprocité" lancé en 2015, et centré sur les projets de coopération des métropoles avec les espaces périurbains de leurs couronnes périphériques (les villes petites et moyennes et les espaces ruraux proches). Le CCM encadre notamment les  transports, le développement économique, la transition numérique ou encore la gestion commune des ressources territoriales.

    Ensemble, ils positionnent les métropoles françaises comme des acteurs de l’innovation urbaine en identifiant une quinzaine de destinations à "haut potentiel" pour les investissements internationaux. L’État apportera 150 millions d'euros de financements, principalement par l’intermédiaire du Fonds de soutien à l’investissement public local. La mise en réseau des métropoles contribuera à la diffusion de ces dispositifs innovants.

    Pour en savoir plus sur les Pactes Etat-Métropoles :

    #PacteÉtatMétropoles : l’innovation au service des territoires

    Le Premier ministre s'est rendu vendredi 27 janvier à Rennes, puis à Brest pour y signer les pactes métropolitains d’innovation li... [Lire la suite]
    vendredi 27 janvier 2017
  • #CPER : un partenariat renouvelé entre l’État et les régions
    B. Cazeneuve à Rouen
    3 février 2017 - Actualité

    #CPER : un partenariat renouvelé entre l’État et les régions

    Le Premier ministre s’est rendu à Bayeux et Rouen, vendredi 3 février 2017, pour y signer des avenants au contrat de plan État-Région (CPER) Normandie et au contrat de plan interrégional État-Région (CPIER) Vallée de Seine. Mardi 7 février à Massy, il a également signé un avenant au CPER Île-de-France. Lancés en 2014, les CPER définissent les priorités sur lesquelles s'accordent l'État, les régions et les collectivités infrarégionales.
     
    À la suite de la fusion des deux régions Haute-Normandie et Basse-Normandie en une seule, en vertu de la loi du 16 janvier 2015, et du changement de pouvoir exécutif régional après les élections de décembre 2015, l'État et la Région Normandie ont décidé de procéder à la nécessaire mise à jour des contrats de plan les liant. Les CPER et CPIER font donc l’objet d’une procédure de "revoyure" en application de la lettre du Premier ministre du 8 mars 2016. Bernard Cazeneuve a ainsi procédé à la signature des clauses de revoyure du CPER Normandie et du CPIER Vallée de Seine, prévues dans le cadre des CPER, et d'un avenant au CPER Île-de-France, mardi 7 février à Massy.
     
    #CPER - Bernard Cazeneuve : "Le Grand Paris n'est pas seulement un projet d'infrastructures. C'est l'ambition d'inventer un nouveau modèle urbain"
     

    Qu’est-ce qu’un CPER ?

    Un CPER organise la convergence de financements en faveur des projets structurants dans les territoires. L’ensemble des décisions actées par les différents CPER témoignent de la confiance renouvelée que l’État souhaite affirmer à l’égard des régions et plus largement des collectivités territoriales.
    A travers les contrats de plan, ce sont plus de 30 milliards d’euros qui seront injectés dans l’économie régionale d’ici 2020 pour soutenir trois objectifs majeurs :
     
    • soutien à l'investissement public et à l'emploi ;
    • mise en cohérence des politiques publiques et convergence des financements en faveur des projets structurants dans les territoires ;
    • développement des territoires les plus vulnérables (territoires ruraux, quartiers prioritaires de la politique de la ville...).
    Avec la nouvelle donne territoriale, le CPER offre un cadre de partenariat privilégié entre l’État, les Régions et les collectivités infrarégionales pour investir dans l’avenir et catalyser les investissements. 

    Six volets essentiels pour investir dans l'avenir ont été définis :
    • mobilité multimodale ;
    • enseignement supérieur, recherche et innovation ;
    • transition écologique et énergétique ;
    • numérique ;
    • innovation, filières d'avenir et usine du futur ;
    • territoires

    Les six volets essentiels d’investissement

    Mobilité multimodale
    Pour répondre aux besoins de mobilité et aux enjeux d'attractivité des territoires, des infrastructures de transports performantes sont indispensables. Les programmes d'opérations définis visent à moderniser les réseaux existants – routiers, ferroviaires et fluviaux,  poursuivre les opérations de désenclavement et d'amélioration des dessertes des territoires,  décongestionner les axes les plus encombrés et renforcer la performance de la desserte en transport terrestre des grands ports maritimes.

    Enseignement supérieur, recherche et innovation
    Les projets ont pour objectif d'offrir aux acteurs de l'enseignement supérieur et de la recherche des campus attractifs et fonctionnels dans le cadre de politiques de site dynamiques : ils concernent notamment la restructuration/réhabilitation ou démolition/reconstruction en matière d'immobilier, la rénovation et la création de logements étudiants et le développement des usages du numérique.En matière de recherche et d'innovation, les projets concernent l'investissement sur les équipements scientifiques, le soutien de projets de recherche innovants, le soutien aux structures de transfert de technologie.

    Transition écologique et énergétique
    Ce volet permet de soutenir l'action des acteurs régionaux en faveur de la croissance verte. Les projets soutenus ont pour objectif de réduire les émissions de gaz à effet de serre, développer l'économie circulaire, mieux organiser la gestion des déchets, améliorer la qualité de l'air, poursuivre la politique de prévention et de protection des risques naturels, favoriser une gestion durable des ressources naturelles, encourager le développement territorial intégré, valoriser le patrimoine naturel et culturel et soutenir l'éducation à l'environnement et au développement durable.

    Numérique
    La couverture des territoires en très haut débit constitue un préalable au déploiement de l'économie numérique : les projets de couverture du territoire en réseaux à très haut débit fixe sont financés dans le cadre du Fonds national pour la société numérique (programme d'investissements d'avenir). Le CPER permet principalement le soutien aux projets dans le domaine de la gouvernance, de la résorption des zones blanches de téléphonie mobile, ou bien encore relevant de thématiques ministérielles (éducation nationale, enseignement supérieur/recherche, culture...).

    Innovation, filières d'avenir et usine du futur
    Pour ce volet, le dialogue stratégique entre l'État et le conseil régional s'appuie sur les mesures du programme d'investissements d'avenir consacrées à l’Industrie du futur et aux neuf solutions industrielles et sur les stratégies de spécialisation des régions. L'enjeu est de favoriser les meilleures synergies possibles entre les investissements issus des programmes nationaux et l'action des régions en faveur du développement économique et de l'innovation en lien avec le Commissariat général à l'investissement et Bpifrance.

    Territoires
    Le volet territorial permet d'apporter aux acteurs régionaux des moyens dédiés pour l'animation et la mise en œuvre d'une politique d'aménagement au service de l'égalité des territoires, adaptée aux enjeux d'équilibre et de cohésion territoriale propres à chaque région. Il a également pour objectif d'assurer la cohérence et la visibilité de l'ensemble des interventions de l'État et de la Région, voire des Départements, au profit de collectivités ou territoires infrarégionaux.

    Une priorité transversale : l'emploi

    Dans le cadre des CPER, des mesures spécifiques sont financées afin d’apporter une réponse globale aux problématiques liées à l'orientation, la formation, l'insertion et le maintien des publics les plus fragilisés sur le marché du travail. Le CPER vise à améliorer les diagnostics portant sur les territoires, les filières et les secteurs professionnels, accompagner la réforme du service public de l'orientation et notamment l'information sur l'offre de formation et la professionnalisation des acteurs intervenant auprès des publics, et à contribuer à la sécurisation des parcours professionnels. Ce volet soutient ainsi le réseau des Carif-Oref, les associations régionales pour l'amélioration des conditions de travail (Aract) et encourage la gestion prévisionnelle de l'emploi et des compétences (GPEC) territoriale.
     
    Signature des Contrats de plan Etat Régions
    La revoyure du CPER Normandie et du CPIER Vallée de la Seine
     
    • Le CPER Normandie
    Les deux CPER de Normandie ont été signés le 2 juillet 2015 avec la Basse-Normandie et le 26 mai 2015 avec la Haute-Normandie. Ces contrats permettaient de mobiliser des moyens en faveur des domaines prioritaires (mobilité multimodale, enseignement supérieur et recherche, innovation, transition écologique et énergétique, etc.).
    Les avenants permettent d'accélérer la réalisation et de conforter le financement d'opérations prioritaires par abondement des participations (le CPER de Haute-Normandie est abondé de 8 millions d’euros, dont 1,3 million d’euros proviennent de l'État et du CROUS) et par redéploiement de crédits.
    Les modifications apportées aux contrats de plan concernent les volets "mobilité multimodale" (opérations routières, opérations portuaires et immobilier universitaire) et "enseignement supérieur-recherche-innovation" des CPER de Basse et de Haute-Normandie.
     
    • Le CPIER Vallée de la Seine
    Le CPIER de la vallée de la Seine a été signé le 25 juin 2015 par l’État, la Basse et Haute-Normandie, l’Île-de-France et deux établissements publics.
    Dans le cadre de la revoyure des contrats de plan, le CPIER de la vallée de la Seine a fait l’objet d’un projet d’avenant afin de tenir compte du nouveau contexte économique, politique et territorial. De nouveaux besoins sont apparus, qui ont conduit à redéployer certains crédits ou à en mobiliser de nouveaux. Avec cet avenant au CPIER, trois opérations importantes voient leurs conditions de réalisation précisées et fiabilisées :
     
    1. Les travaux sur les écluses de Méricourt (Yvelines) sont inscrits pour un montant total de 49,55 millions d'euros.
    2. Les travaux de modernisation et de fiabilisation des écluses de Tancarville (Seine-Maritime), pour un montant total de 15 millions.
    3. Dans le domaine du tourisme et de la culture, le plan de financement du projet de centre d’interprétation médiéval autour de la Tapisserie de Bayeux est précisé avec une phase d’études (2016-2020) et une phase de travaux (après 2020). Le montant de l’opération est estimé à 20 millions d’euros. Grâce à l’effort financier de l'État et des régions, et aux redéploiements de crédits, ces trois opérations portent le montant global du contrat à 985,116 millions.
    Toutes les photos sur la signature de la revoyure du CPER Normandie et du CPIER Vallée de la Seine dans l'onglet "en images" de l'Actualité du Premier ministre.
    Signature CPER Île-de-France
    La revoyure du CPER Île-de-France

    Le Premier ministre Bernard Cazeneuve et la présidente du conseil régional d’Île-de-France Valérie Pécresse ont signé un avenant au contrat de plan État-région (CPER) 2015-2020 pour la région Île-de-France.
     
    Le CPER fixe les grandes priorités d’investissement en Île-de-France d’ici 2020 (notamment dans les domaines du transport, de l’enseignement supérieur, de la transition écologique et de l’aménagement durable) et les financements que l’État et la région s’engagent à y consacrer.
    Ces investissements représentent désormais un montant de 7,4 milliards dont 5,3 dédiés à l’amélioration des transports.
     
    • Des projets co-financés grâce au CPER
    1. Démarrage des travaux du Nouveau Grand Paris des transports, pour moderniser et étendre les réseaux de métros, RER, tramways et bus de la métropole.
    2. Inauguration de nouveaux bâtiments universitaires comme le CROUS de Bobigny.
    3. Déploiement d’un programme de réhabilitation énergétique sur toute la région.
    4. Soutien massif aux maires bâtisseurs afin d’équiper les communes d’équipements publics nécessaires à l’implantation de nouveaux logements. 
    • Transports : 60 millions d’euros supplémentaires
    L’État et la région ont augmenté de 30 millions d’euros chacun leur investissement pour le réseau routier francilien. Cet investissement supplémentaire permettra :
    1. La réalisation d’opérations structurantes pour la fluidité du trafic comme le contournement routier de l’aéroport Roissy-Charles-de-Gaulle par l’est.
    2. Le bouclage du financement d’opérations majeures de transport en commun, telles que le prolongement d’Eole à l’ouest, le tram-train Massy-Evry et le tramway T9. Les bases du financement des transports du Nouveau Grand Paris sont ainsi renforcées.
    Enfin, l’État et la région Île-de-France ont revu leurs engagements interrégionaux, inscrits dans le contrat de plan inter-régional État-régions Vallée de la Seine.

    Pour voir les photos de la signature de l'avenant au CPER Île-de-France, rendez-vous dans l'onglet "en images" de l'Actualité du Premier ministre.
  • Label Grande cause nationale 2017 : deux associations de sauvetage en mer désignées
    Le Premier ministre au Salon Euromaritime
    2 février 2017 - Actualité

    Label Grande cause nationale 2017 : deux associations de sauvetage en mer désignées

    Bernard Cazeneuve, a annoncé, ce 2 février 2017, les lauréats du label Grande cause nationale 2017, dédiés au sauvetage en mer : SNSM, Sauveteurs en mer et SOS Méditerranée. Toutes deux agissent pour sauver des vies en mer. Le label Grande cause nationale, qui fête ses 40 ans, en 2017, a pour objectif de sensibiliser le public aux grands enjeux de société.
     

    En quoi consiste le label "Grande Cause nationale" ?

    Chaque année, une association ou collectif obtient le label "Grande Cause Nationale". Attribué par le Premier ministre, ce dernier permet à des organismes à but non lucratif ou à des collectifs d'associations, qui souhaitent organiser des campagnes faisant appel à la générosité publique, d'obtenir des diffusions gratuites de messages sur les sociétés publiques de télévision et de radio (France Télévision et Radio France). Et ce, pendant une année entière.
     

    Comment est attribué le label Grande cause nationale ?

    Chaque année, le Premier ministre lance un appel à candidatures pour l'année suivante, par voie de communiqué de presse. Les demandes d’obtention du label doivent être adressées par les organismes intéressés au service d’information du Gouvernement, qui instruit les dossiers.
     
    En 2016, la Grande cause nationale a été attribuée au collectif d’associations "Adoptons les comportements qui sauvent" constitué autour de la Fédération nationale des sapeurs-pompiers de France (FNSP), la Croix-Rouge française (CRF) et la Fédération Nationale de Protection Civile (FNPC).
     

    Depuis quand ce label existe-t-il ?

    Le label "Grande Cause nationale" existe depuis 1977. Il avait été attribué cette année-là au Comité espoir pour le cancer.
     

    Quels thèmes sont retenus pour les grandes causes nationales ?

    L'accent est le plus souvent mis sur les phénomènes de société graves ou sur des problématiques médicales de grande ampleur, nécessitant une mobilisation du public, une meilleure information, et davantage de moyens financiers.
     
    Dans le passé, le cancer, le Sida, la recherche médicale, la pauvreté, le handicap, la maladie d'Alzheimer, l'enfance maltraitée, l'autisme ou encore l'illettrisme ont fait l'objet de campagnes "Grande cause nationale". Des organismes dont l'action est déterminante ont également bénéficié du label, comme la Fondation de France (en 1978 et 1983) ou le Secours populaire français (1991).
     


     

    Les Grandes Causes nationales depuis 1995

    • 2017 : le sauvetage en mer
    • 2016 : les comportements qui sauvent
    • 2015 : lutte contre le dérèglement climatique et lutte contre le racisme et l'antisémitisme
    • 2014 : l'engagement associatif
    • 2013 : l'illettrisme
    • 2012 : l'autisme
    • 2010 : la lutte contre les violences faites aux femmes
    • 2009 : les dons d'organes, de sang, de plaquettes et de moelle osseuse
    • 2008 : le dispositif Pasteurdon pour l'aide à la recherche
    • 2007 : la maladie d'Alzheimer
    • 2006 : l'égalité des chances
    • 2005 : le sida
    • 2004 : les Petits Frères des pauvres et le collectif Appel à la fraternité
    • 2003 : le handicap (moteur et mental)
    • 2002 : le collectif "Egalité" contre les discriminations racistes
    • 2001 : l'engagement associatif
    • 2000 : la prévention routière
    • 1999 : l'esprit civique
    • 1998 : la défense des droits de l'homme
    • 1997 : la protection de l'enfance maltraitée
    • 1996 : les Petits Frères des pauvres
    • 1995 : le handicap (moteur et mental)
    (Source : Direction du développement des médias, Services du Premier ministre)
  • #Logement : "Donner à chacun un toit, c’est une condition de l’égalité et une exigence de la fraternité"
    Le Premier ministre lors de son discours sur la politique du logement, à Rennes
    27 janvier 2017 - Actualité

    #Logement : "Donner à chacun un toit, c’est une condition de l’égalité et une exigence de la fraternité"

    Le Premier ministre s’est déplacé à Rennes, le 27 janvier, sur le thème du logement. A cette occasion, il a salué le partenariat exemplaire de l’État et de la métropole pour la construction de 460 logements sur les terrains militaires de la caserne de Guines.
     
    Le logement est la première préoccupation des Français qui en moyenne y consacre 20% de leurs revenus. Dans le parc privé, l’effort des ménages aux revenus modestes peut atteindre 40% des dépenses. Permettre à chaque famille de se loger décemment est au cœur de la dynamique engagée par l’État.

    Rénover et consolider la politique du logement

    Pour garantir ce droit aux Français, le Gouvernement a consolidé la politique du logement autour de plusieurs dispositifs, avec notamment :
    • Le plan de relance de 2014 a conduit à augmenter l’offre de logements privés et sociaux, à doper l’accession à la propriété, à mobiliser le foncier et à rénover les logements. Il met en place des mesures de simplification et d’incitation fiscale.
    • Le prêt à taux zéro permet de  faire bénéficier davantage de ménages de  la possibilité d'acquérir leur premier logement. Depuis le 1er janvier 2015, ses conditions  d’octroi ont été  élargies pour permettre à plus de ménages d’en bénéficier. 
    • Le crédit d’impôt transition énergétique et le prêt à taux zéro écologique permettent aux particuliers d’améliorer les performances énergétiques de leurs logements. 
    Mais, plus d’un million et demi de Français attendent l’attribution d’un logement social. Aussi, pour relancer la construction de logements sociaux, l’État a renforcé différents dispositifs.
    • Le taux  de  TVA est fixé à 5,5% contre 7% précédemment, ce qui représente un effort de 250 millions d’euros par an. 
    • L’obligation faite aux communes de construire des logements sociaux a été porté à 25% contre 20% précédemment (article 55 de la loi Solidarité et renouvellement urbain-SRU).  
    Grâce à ces différents dispositifs, les niveaux de constructions ont augmentés substantiellement. En 2016, le nombre de permis de construire  accordés s’élève à 453 000, soit une hausse de 14% par rapport à l’année passée.

    Faire des terrains publics inutilisés un levier de construction

    Le coût des terrains peut représenter jusqu’au tiers du coût d’un logement. Pour faire face à la raréfaction des terrains et maîtriser les prix de la construction, la loi du 18 janvier 2013 permet de faciliter la vente de terrains moins cher que leur valeur, à la condition qu’ils fassent une part significative au logement social.

     
    L’exemple du terrain militaire de la caserne de Guines, cédé par l’État pour 2 millions d’euros, est significatif. Cette ancienne friche s’offre une seconde vie en permettant la construction de 460 logements, dont 80% sociaux.

     
    #Logement : "La mobilisation du foncier public concerne en priorité les territoires où la demande est la plus forte"
     
    Pour l’année 2016, l'État a réalisé "plus de 100 cessions" de terrains publics "pour la programmation de 11 500 logements, dont la moitié de logements sociaux", a précisé le Premier ministre.

    A noter : cette mobilisation du foncier public a concerné en priorité les territoires où la demande est la plus forte. 40% des logements sociaux seront ainsi construits dans les communes respectant leurs obligations de quota SRU, contre plus de 60% de logements sociaux sur les communes en retard.
     
    Nombreuses sont les communes et les intercommunalités qui parviennent à assurer, avec le concours des bailleurs sociaux,  une offre de logements variée. Pour les encourager dans leurs projets de constructions, l’État a signé un partenariat avec  90% des communes encore en retard sur la construction de logements sociaux. Toutefois, comme l’a précisé le Premier ministre, "partout où cela reste nécessaire, l’État se substituera désormais aux maires défaillants, et il le fait déjà, en préemptant des terrains ou en délivrant directement des permis de construire".
     
    Discours du Premier ministre sur le thème du logement
    Discours du Premier ministre sur le thème du logement - Benjamin Boccas / Matignon
    Visite du chantier "programme Arch’Immobilier  (logements et commerces)"
    Visite du chantier "programme Arch’Immobilier (logements et commerces)" - Benjamin Boccas / Matignon
    Présentation des zones d'aménagement concentrés (ZAC) dans le projet Rennes 2030
    Présentation des zones d'aménagement concentrés (ZAC) dans le projet Rennes 2030 - Benjamin Boccas / Matignon
    Signature officielle de l’engagement d'acquérir le terrain de Guines
    Signature officielle de l’engagement d'acquérir le terrain de Guines - Benjamin Boccas / Matignon
    Présentation du bus électrique BlueBus
    Présentation du bus électrique BlueBus - Benjamin Boccas / Matignon
    Discours du Premier ministre à l'occasion de la signature du Pacte métropolitain d’innovation de Rennes Métropole
    Discours du Premier ministre à l'occasion de la signature du Pacte métropolitain d’innovation de Rennes Métropole - Benjamin Boccas / Matignon
    Signature du Pacte métropolitain d’innovation de Rennes Métropole
    Signature du Pacte métropolitain d’innovation de Rennes Métropole - Benjamin Boccas / Matignon
    Le Premier ministre s'est rendu à Rennes, vendredi 27 janvier, pour officialiser la cession de la caserne de Guines où près de 500 logements, dont 80% à vocation sociale, seront réalisés. Bernard Cazeneuve a ensuite participé à la signature du Pacte métropolitain d’innovation de Rennes Métropole. Le Premier ministre était accompagné de Jean-Yves Le Drian, ministre de la Défense, d'Emmanuelle Cosse, ministre du Logement et de l'Habitat durable, et de Thierry Repentin, délégué interministériel à la mixité sociale dans l'habitat.
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  • Somalia famine prevention plan launched amid worsening drought
    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Somalia

    A total of US$825 million is requested for the first half of 2017 to reach 5.5 million people with life-saving assistance and livelihood support, so as to prevent the worst-case scenario.

    Situation Overview

    The humanitarian situation in Somalia is rapidly deteriorating and famine is a strong possibility in 2017.
    This comes only six years after a devastating famine led to the death of more than a quarter of a million people – half of them children. The severe drought is a result of two consecutive seasons of poor rainfall, more in some areas. In the worst affected areas, large-scale crop failure and high levels of livestock deaths are occurring. Malnutrition and drought-related diseases are on the rise, so are displacements, including to Ethiopia. Increasing competition for resources such as water is already increasing local tensions and could trigger further inter-communal conflict. Over 6.2 million people-half the population-are in need of humanitarian assistance. The situation of children of Somalia is particularly grave.

    A large scale-up of the drought response in February and March can help prevent the worst-case humanitarian scenario and save lives and livelihoods. This will also help preserve important gains made in recent years. A total of US$825 million is requested for the first half of 2017 to reach 5.5 million people with life-saving assistance and livelihood support.

    A drought – even one this severe – does not automatically lead to a catastrophe if humanitarian partners respond early enough with timely support from the international community.

    There are significant differences and opportunities today, compared to the 2011 famine, including a more engaged donor community, closely following the situation on the ground. NGOs and UN agencies have a better footprint now than in 2011, allowing for a more granular analysis of the situation and enabling better targeted scale-up. There are systems in place for rapid scale-up of Cash based programming, systems which were only starting up back in 2011. Enhanced engagement with local actors and improved coordination with the Federal Government and State-level authorities has helped ensure a more joined up reading of the situation, allowing partners to increasingly be on the same page in terms of scope and scale of the crisis, and enhancing accountability. Stronger partnership with the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and Muslim charities allows for better coordination and collaboration across various aid streams. Improved engagement with local NGOs and enhanced risk management systems have helped ensure greater efficiency and more accountable spending of resources.

    Building on lessons learned from the 2011 famine, this Operational Plan outlines the main needs, gaps and plans for response by humanitarian partners in the first half of 2017 to prevent a famine. It is based on the worst-case scenario given that even if the Gu rains are better than foreseen, the crisis is already at a point where much of the damage has been done.

    Of the $825 million required for the first half of 2017 to reach 5.5 million people with life-saving assistance and livelihood support, $35 million have already been contributed by donors, hereof $18 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund and $14 million channeled through the Somalia Humanitarian Fund. These requirements reflect an increase in operational requirements which will lead to an associated increase in the Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan.

  • Tropical cyclone increases risk of food insecurity in Mozambique
    Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies
    Country: Mozambique

    Tropical Cyclone Dineo made landfall in southern Mozambique on 15 February 2017. Urban flooding in villages and cities may affect more than 200,000 people over the next seven days.

    A. Situation analysis

    Description of the disaster

    Tropical Cyclone Dineo made landfall near Inhambane, Southern Mozambique on 15 February 2017, bringing with it strong winds exceeding 100km/hr, rough sea and torrential rain, According to MTOTEC (satellite imagery, surface analysis, and storm system information for the South West Indian Ocean cyclone basin), the storm evolved from severe tropical storm to Category III1 Tropical Cyclone and reclassified as Ex-Dineo. Despite this weakening trend, the South African Weather Service (SAWS) projects that Ex-Dineo still pose a great risk until 18 February as exceptionally high rainfall, strong winds, and resultant flooding is expected.

    Initial reports indicated that Inhambane province was the most affected, other areas included Vilankulo, Massinga, Murrombene, Maxixe, and Jangamo districts as well as Inhambane City. Although the situation is still evolving, preliminary report of 16 February 2017, indicated 3 deaths and four injured, damaged Infrastructure (electricity, and roads) as a result of the storm in the affected areas.

    The National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC) projects that, urban flooding in small villages and cities may affect 200,000 people over the next 7 days and the following river basins is at risk of flooding.

  • Tens of thousands of families at extreme risk in western Mosul
    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Iraq

    Humanitarian agencies are rushing to prepare for the humanitarian impact of the military campaign. Emergency sites are being constructed and stocks of life-saving supplies are being pre-positioned.

    (Baghdad, 18 February 2017): With military operations to retake western Mosul beginning, humanitarian organizations are warning that tens of thousands of families are at extreme risk. Recent surveys with key informants confirm that food and fuel supplies are dwindling, markets and shops have closed, running water is scarce and electricity in many neighborhoods is either intermittent or cut off.

    “The situation is distressing. People, right now, are in trouble. We are hearing reports of parents struggling to feed their children and to heat their homes,” said Lise Grande, Humanitarian Coordinator for Iraq. “The battle hasn’t started but already there is a humanitarian crisis.”

    The UN estimates that between 750,000 and 800,000 civilians are resident in the western section of the city. Few, if any commercial supplies have reached Mosul during the past three months after the main road to Syria was cut-off. Informants report that nearly half of all food shops have closed. Bakeries throughout the area have run out of fuel and many can no longer afford to purchase costly flour. Prices of kerosene and cooking gas have skyrocketed and many of the most destitute families are burning wood, furniture, plastic or garbage for cooking and heating.

    “Children and their families are starting to face critical shortages of safe drinking water,” said Peter Hawkins, UNICEF Representative in Iraq. “Three out of five people now depend on untreated water from wells for cooking and drinking as water systems and treatment plants have been damaged by fighting or run out of chlorine.”

    “Food prices in western Mosul are almost double than in eastern Mosul,” said Sally Haydock, Representative of the World Food Programme in Iraq. “We are extremely concerned that many families do not have enough to eat in western Mosul.”

    Humanitarian agencies are rushing to prepare for the humanitarian impact of the military campaign. Emergency sites are being constructed south of the city and stocks of life-saving supplies are being pre-positioned for the 250,000 – 400,000 civilians who may flee.

    “We don’t know what will happen during the military campaign but we have to be ready for all scenarios. Tens of thousands of people may flee or be forced to leave the city. Hundreds of thousands of civilians might be trapped—maybe for weeks, maybe for months,” said Ms. Grande. “Protecting civilians is the highest priority in a situation like this—nothing is more important.”

    For further information, please contact:

    Damian Rance, Communications Officer, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Iraq, (rance@un.org / +964 (0)751 740 3858

  • Nearly 15,000 lost children seek parents in chaos of South Sudan's war
    Source: Reuters - Thomson Reuters Foundation
    Country: South Sudan

    At CINA, a local organisation supported by UNICEF, case workers painstakingly trace separated families. Their database of lost children currently holds 15,000 names, but the programme is chronically underfunded.

    Last year, reunifications dropped by 50 percent because there was not enough money to trace families

    By Siegfried Modola

    BENTIU, Feb 16 (Reuters) - In the chaos of South Sudan's civil war, it took three years for Nyagonga Machul to find her lost children.

    Machul had travelled from her village to the capital when President Salva Kiir, an ethnic Dinka, fired his deputy Riek Machar, a Nuer, in 2013. The dismissal triggered a civil war in the world's newest nation that has increasingly been fought along ethnic lines.

    Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation

  • Funding crunch exacerbating Yemen “catastrophe” - UNHCR
    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Yemen

    Deaths through famine and lack of medical attention in the country are being aggravated as UN Refugee Agency relief operations are just one per cent funded.

    Deaths through famine and lack of medical attention in the country are being aggravated as UN Refugee Agency relief operations are just one per cent funded.

    By: Tim Gaynor | 17 February 2017

    GENEVA – People in war-ravaged Yemen are dying of famine and lack of medical attention in a situation now “beyond any humanitarian catastrophe,” UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency said today, warning the crisis would likely worsen as humanitarian needs are acutely underfunded.

    “There is significant famine, there are people dying because of lack of medical attention, there are people who are out of schools simply because the schools are being used as shelters for displaced people,” said UNHCR’s Representative in Yemen, Ayman Gharaibeh.

    “We used to say last year that we were in a catastrophe. Now we’ve said that it is beyond any humanitarian catastrophe that we’ve seen,” he said, speaking on the sidelines of a news briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

    “It is beyond any humanitarian catastrophe that we’ve seen.”

    War reignited in the country of 27 million people in March 2015, creating a situation where fully two-thirds of the population – or some 18 million people - are now dependent on external aid in order to survive. The situation facing many of the three million people displaced from their homes in Yemen is essentially a struggle for survival – food, water and shelter are priority.

    Many are now enduring miserable and inadequate conditions living in overcrowded or makeshift shelters for months on end and without sufficient protection.

    Providing an effective response is currently being hindered by an acute funding shortfall that has left UNHCR with just one per cent of the US$99.6 million it needs to continue its vital relief operations in the year ahead, Gharaibeh said.

    “We are at the beginning of the year – we’re in mid-February – and it’s important that we have contributions in a timely, phased manner, with the pace to allow us to plan … in a way that will continue to provide that same level of assistance throughout the year,” he said.

    Whereas in 2016, UNHCR spent US$76 million in its emergency response to different waves of displacement and stockpiling relief items in Yemen, Gharaibeh said it has started this year with just US$600,000 in its bank account.

    Having a fully funded operation “gives us the opportunity to have different options, be it for shelter, be it for cash programming,” he added.

    “Without resources ... it really means that we will have more and more people languishing in the streets.”

    In an example of the impact the funding shortage was having, Gharaibeh said UNHCR would not be able to follow through with financial assistance to some 2,000 vulnerable widows identified as in need. “There have been assessments done in terms of vulnerability, but since that has not been matched with funding, it undermines our credibility, and the credibility of the response.

    “Without resources we are not useful at all in Yemen. We need to be able to identify needs, identify who is deserving … and make sure we are able to respond.”

    The current situation has been compounded by decades of neglect, which has left weak institutions, poor government, and a feeble economy.

    “Every aspect of life is impacted and without this, it really means that we will have more and more people languishing in the streets. An unstable Yemen is not going to be a stable region, and that’s not in the interest of any of its neighbours.”

  • Seven steps to saving lives and assisting people in Nigeria and Lake Chad Basin
    Source: Catholic Agency for Overseas Development, ActionAid, COOPI - Cooperazione Internazionale, Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition, Norwegian Refugee Council, Tearfund, CARE, Caritas, Search for Common Ground, Christian Aid, Mercy Corps, Action Contre la Faim France, Médecins du Monde, Oxfam, International Rescue Committee, Refugees International, Save the Children, Plan, Secours Islamique France, Center for Civilians in Conflict
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Ahead of next week's conference in Oslo on the humanitarian crisis in North East Nigeria and the Lake Chad Basin, some 22 NGOs have identified seven steps needed to make an impact.

    A violent eight-year conflict originating in Nigeria has intensified in the last four years and spread across borders into Niger, Chad and Cameroon, resulting in Africa’s biggest humanitarian and protection crisis.

    Across the Lake Chad Basin, 17 million people are affected by the conflict, and over 2.6 million – of which 1.5 million are children – have fled their homes in search of safety and protection. Hunger and malnutrition remain at critical levels with 7.1 million people severely food insecure – 5.1 million of them in Nigeria alone. In Borno State in northeast Nigeria, at least 400,000 people could currently be experiencing famine- like conditions.

    Collectively governments, UN, NGOs and donors have been slow to acknowledge the scale of the crisis, shift gear from development to humanitarian mode to meet needs at scale, effectively mobilize resources, and gain access to those trapped by conflict. Military and political objectives in the fight against Boko Haram have trumped humanitarian concerns. However, a large humanitarian operation is now under way. The number of deaths and rates of acute malnutrition have been reduced in some areas where access has been possible in Nigeria, while in Niger the humanitarian response remains patchy, in Cameroon the food insecurity remains alarmingly high and Chad remains the forgotten crisis amidst a forgotten crisis.

    On the 23rd and 24th of February 2017 the international community will convene in Oslo, Norway to discuss how to address the humanitarian crisis in North East Nigeria and the Lake Chad Basin. As concerned non- governmental organisations we highly welcome this initiative. The Oslo donor conference is a welcome chance to raise the profile of the crisis, address the urgent humanitarian needs, raise more money from a wider set of donors, and come up with a concrete set of recommendations and proposals to strengthen the collective response to the crisis and the long-term needs in the region. Below are seven steps needed to save more lives and assist people in Nigeria and Lake Chad Basin.

    Step 1: Put Protection of Civilians at the Centre of Response

    Prioritise the Protection of Civilians. Women, girls, men and boys have been subjected to horrific levels of human rights abuses and threats including sexual violence, abductions, killings, torture, forced recruitment, forced disappearance and arbitrary detention. Boko Haram continues to attack and abuse civilians, while soldiers, police, and government officials have allegedly used their positions of authority and gifts of desperately needed food or other items to sexually exploit and abuse vulnerable people, particularly women and girls. Separate incidents of rape have also been reported at the hands of security forces. Military interventions must uphold people's rights in accordance with international humanitarian law and should not exacerbate the humanitarian situation. Accountability measures must be put in place to prosecute those who harm civilians. A particular priority should be the development of specific livelihood and prevention strategies that protect women and girls from violence, rape and sexual exploitation. Attention must also be paid to the significant risks faced by boys and men who are frequently killed, detained, conscripted or disappeared. Aid has been militarized with military actors responsible for camp management and aid distribution, especially in newly accessible areas. We call on governments to ensure that food reaches the affected population, including IDPs in camps in newly accessible areas without any restrictions. It is important that camp management is transferred over to civilian authorities as soon as possible, within a clear timeline. Emergency measures that have attempted to cut off Boko Haram from their food supplies and revenue sources have in the process cut people off from their livelihoods, markets and access to food. Governments have a duty to protect and facilitate people’s freedom of movement and access to their livelihoods including fishing, farming and markets. Governments in the region must also uphold the right of people to flee conflict and violence, and respect international protection measures for refugees such as the principle of non-refoulement.

    Step 2: Scale-up the Food and Nutrition Response in Nigeria and the Region

    An urgent scale up of the food and nutrition response is needed. The bulk of funding required for 2017 is for nutrition and food security. Sufficient, timely and flexible funding is needed to ensure the scale-up of in-kind food where necessary, and cash so that people can buy food. Improved coordination and leadership is essential to reach more people with food assistance in the coming months to stave off hunger in regional countries, and famine in Nigeria – the latter requires a full food pipeline without further delay. The UN and humanitarian community need to develop clear contingency plans and pre- position food and other relief items to ensure lifesaving aid can be rapidly deployed as new areas become accessible and where hunger and malnutrition is likely to be most dire. Funding also needs to be increased for emergency nutrition to combat severe levels of malnutrition and prevent children from dying. The long-term health impacts of malnutrition are extreme and a scale-up of malnutrition screening and treatment services is required. Children who are malnourished at the start of life are also severely disadvantaged in their ability to learn. Funding for livelihoods and food security also needs to be increased. Without agriculture and livestock support, many farmers and herders will not be able to produce their own food or earn an income. 78% of IDPs in Nigeria are living in host communities, placing considerable strain on the latter’s limited resources. We therefore need a coordinated coherent out of camp humanitarian strategy and funding for host community response.

    Step 3: Increase Access to More, Better and Safe Quality Education

    Give children and youth a passport to their future. 3 245 000 children are in need of emergency education in the region. Although schools, teachers and students have been deliberately targeted in this conflict, the education sector is heavily underfunded. This has to change. Every day a child is out of school is a day too many. Education not only has an instrumental role to play in helping the affected children heal the wounds from a terrible conflict, feel protected and acquire the necessary skills to progress, but education is also the foundation needed for the region to develop and prosper. This is why we urgently call on all humanitarian actors, including governments, to recognize education as key to the response. The funding gap for education needs to be closed. Funding should include a focus on systems strengthening, reconstruction of school buildings and payment and training of teachers; as well as strengthening of community participation, particularly through School Based Management Committees. The humanitarian response must also support quality non-formal education programs targeting IDP children in both camps and host communities. Furthermore, we call for the immediate cessation of attacks against educational facilities, personnel, and students as well as a stop to the military use of such infrastructures in line with the Safe School Declaration. We encourage all parties to the conflict to vacate immediately any schools they are occupying and ensure that schools are safe for students to return. Teachers must be given the necessary training in conflict-sensitive approaches to education, including how to keep children safe at school. Particular attention should be given to the teachers and children who have been targeted, abducted and physically and/or psychologically mistreated due to the conflict.

    Step 4: Safeguard Humanitarian Space: Safe Movement to Reach more People in Need

    Safe access to people must be guaranteed. Ensuring that people in need can reach humanitarian assistance is the biggest challenge for humanitarian operations due to insecurity and restrictions on freedom of movement. People must be able to flee areas of conflict and reach lifesaving assistance. There is also an urgent need to increase agencies’ ability to access hard to reach areas to meet humanitarian need. It is therefore essential that governments provide unhindered humanitarian access to communities, particularly in insecure and inaccessible areas. Bureaucratic obstacles must be removed, such as difficulties with registration and unclear processes for visas and customs clearance, including pharmaceuticals, as these delay and hinder humanitarian operations. In northeast Nigeria, Niger and Chad armed escorts are required or are being used by some agencies to access populations in insecure zones. The use of armed escorts in aid provision can limit NGO activities, as being associated with the military may put staff and beneficiaries at risk. Alternatives for allowing movement within insecure areas are needed, and this requires greater investment and resources to facilitate access negotiations and improve civil-military coordination, including increasing the number of civil-military and access staff in all four countries. A priority should be establishing clear, written civil-military coordination guidelines in accordance with the international UN Guidelines on the Use of Military and Civil Defence Assets to Support UN Humanitarian Activities in Complex Emergencies. Such coordination is also imperative for facilitating rapid response mechanisms (RRM), and ensuring that such mechanisms can operate in line with humanitarian principles – maintaining neutrality, impartiality and independence. All RRMs should be designed with the ability to operate independently from the military and with strong coordination across all sectors to ensure the strongest response with the widest reach possible.

    Step 5: Strengthen Leadership of the Response and Improve Humanitarian Coordination

    Ensure greater investment in further strengthening UN, government and NGO leadership, decision making, coordination and the accountability of the humanitarian response. This can be achieved through additional resources for reliable data collection, increasing the number of information managers and better identifying needs and gaps. It also requires clarification roles and responsibilities in order to improve prioritisation, orient operational partners and adapt responses to ensure a needs-based response that is accountable to affected people. We welcome the shift of the centre of gravity of the response in Nigeria from Abuja to Maiduguri, and we need to ensure that information and communication sharing between field-level working groups and clusters and the capitals are strengthened in all four countries. We need stronger local, national and international NGO representation in government-led coordination platforms as the main implementers of assistance on the ground. In Nigeria, coordination of the Inter- Ministerial Task Force (IMTF) with other government-mandated agencies needs strengthening, and interlocutors with humanitarian community need to be clearly identified. We need donors to fund the humanitarian response plans in order to consolidate gains and to meet the needs of a greater number of people. We need a clear resource mobilization plan, and better coordination between humanitarian and development actors. The critically needed support to Nigeria must not compromise the support to regional countries. Governments of the region also need to allocate greater resources to the response and be clear and transparent about what they are doing.

    Step 6: Ensure All Returns are Safe, Voluntary and Dignified

    Minimum standards must be met before genuine returns can take place. Surveys conducted with IDPs show that many people wish to return back to their homes. However, they are also explicit that they are only willing to return under certain conditions, such as guarantees of security and assurances that they will be safe, and access basic services and livelihoods. Accurate figures on the numbers who have so far returned are unavailable as there is no tracking in place to monitor the returns, including of refugees who are also moving across borders in the region. Moreover, many “returns” are actually secondary displacement, as people move to towns closer to home but aren’t able to return to their villages of origin. All actors must recognise that such movement does not in fact meet the definition of “return” as a recognised durable solution. The Governments of Nigeria, and regional governments and international community must ensure that all return of IDPs to their homes or areas of origin is voluntary and safe. While many IDPs are eager to return home, they must be given accurate information to make independent decisions about when to do so. Civilians cannot be part of strategies aimed at holding territory, and dispersal of IDPs to areas closer to home is not an appropriate solution for overcrowding. Channels for communicating and coordinating on the response to people’s movement should be established and systems for tracking and monitoring movement should be put in place to ensure timely identification of needs and protection issues, and to respond to these effectively. As both return and secondary movement continue, security of tenure, access to land and other issues related to housing, land and property must be addressed to support livelihoods, safety, and social cohesion. All returns must be accompanied by security guarantees, repair of damaged infrastructure and property and the provision of humanitarian assistance and basic services, including dispute resolution. Displaced people should not be encouraged to return where service providers and local authorities have not. Meanwhile, it remains imperative to improve conditions and scale up assistance to IDPs in camps and host communities. Returns should be a choice rather than as a last resort because of appalling living conditions in areas of displacement.

    Step 7: Build Resilience and Increase Local Capacity

    Importance of building resilience and addressing long term solutions. The crisis is taking place against a backdrop of long-term vulnerability to a range of shocks and hazards, including conflict, climate change, environmental degradation, deep-rooted poverty, joblessness and lack of good governance. For this reason, whilst maintaining an emphasis on life-saving humanitarian assistance and meeting urgent needs, it is also crucial to tackle the underlying causes of the conflict. We call on donors and governments to allocate longer term and predictable funding that allows for the response to incorporate a resilience-building, long-term and conflict-sensitive approach that creates links between humanitarian and development efforts. It is also important to target not only displaced people but also host communities and other affected groups, so as not to put at risk the social cohesion between them. The humanitarian community must support and work with local partners to ensure sustainability and local ownership. There is a need to support the livelihoods of affected people, including farmers who have been forced from their land, fishermen who are unable to access the lake due to insecurity, traders who are unable to access markets. The affected population must receive assistance that help to build their assets, so that they do not resort to risky or short term strategies, such as selling tools or livestock which are vital for their future prospects. Long term access to basic services such as water, health and education must be provided to all. The needs of particularly vulnerable groups, such as women and girls, must be identified and addressed. The affected people in the area are agents of their own change, and a resilience-building approach should involve them closely in planning and build on their existing methods for tackling the risks they face. It must therefore be a priority for all actors involved in the humanitarian response to build strategic relationships with local organisations, civil society and stakeholders. Above all, a security approach alone will not provide a long-term solution to this crisis. It is only through investing in political solutions, protecting people, upholding their rights, and investing development and the regions’ people, particularly the children and youth, will we witness peace again in the region.

    This statement is endorsed by the following NGOs:

    ActionAid Nigeria

    Action Against Hunger

    CAFOD

    CARE International

    Center for Civilians in Conflict

    Christian Aid

    Coopi - Cooperazione Internazionale

    Caritas Norway

    eHealth Africa

    GAIN

    International Rescue Committee

    Medecins Du Monde

    Mercy Corps

    Norwegian Refugee Council

    OXFAM

    Plan International

    Refugees International

    Save the Children

    Search for Common Ground

    SIF - Secours Islamique France

    Tearfund

    World University Service (WUS) ZOA

    Footnotes

    1 Lake Chad Basin Humanitarian Needs and Requirement Overview (2017), http://reliefweb.int/report/nigeria/2017-lake-chad-basin-humanitarian-needs-and-requirement-overview

    2 IOM (2016), “Regional Displacement and Human Mobility Analysis”, Dec. 2016, http://www.globaldtm.info/regional-displacement-and-human-mobility-analysis/

    3 Lake Chad Basin: Crisis Overview (8 December 2016), http://reliefweb.int/report/nigeria/lake-chad-basin-crisis-overview-8-december-2016

    4 FEWS NET, (13 December 2016), http://www.fews.net/west-africa/nigeria/alert/december-13-2016

    5 Human Rights Watch (2016), “Nigeria: Officials Abusing Displaced Women, Girls Displaced by Boko Haram and Victims Twice Over”, https://www.hrw.org/news/2016/10/31/nigeria-officials-abusing-displaced-women-girls

    6 IOM (2016), “Regional Displacement and Human Mobility Analysis”, Dec. 2016, http://www.globaldtm.info/regional-displacement-and-human-mobility-analysis/

    7 Lake Chad Basin Humanitarian Needs and Requirement Overview (2017), http://reliefweb.int/report/nigeria/2017-lake-chad-basin-humanitarian-needs-and-requirement-overview

    8 The Safe Schools Declaration is an inter-governmental political commitment that express political support for the protection of students, teachers, and schools during times of armed conflict. As of January 2017, 57 countries have endorsed the Safe Schools Declaration, including Chad, Niger and Nigeria.

    9 http://ochaonline.un.org/cmcs/guidelines

  • UN seeking $1.9 billion to address drought crisis in Horn of Africa
    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Uganda

    In several ways the situation is worse than in 2010-11 because this is the third consecutive year of drought and multiple years of diminished food production have exhausted people’s capacity to cope with another shock.

    $1.9 BILLION TOTAL REQUIREMENTS

    2.3 MILLION REFUGEES

    2.1 MILLION INTERNALLY DISPLACED PEOPLE

    12.8 MILLION NUMBER OF SEVERELY FOOD INSECURE PEOPLE

    Situation Overview

    The 2016 Deyr or short rains season (October to December) brought severely low levels of rainfall to the region. The rainfall deficit was particularly acute across Somalia, southern and southeastern Ethiopia, northern and coastal Kenya and – to a lesser extent – southwestern Ethiopia and central and southwestern Uganda and southeastern South Sudan. Analysis of the cumulative regional rainfall from August to December shows severe deficits. Areas such as central and southern Somalia have registered only a third of their usual seasonal levels.

    In several ways the situation is worse than in 2010-11 because (i) this is the third consecutive year of drought in the region and multiple years of diminished food production has exhausted people’s capacity to cope with another shock; (ii) the greater region suffers from chronic and intensifying conflicts, continued access constraints in some areas, rising refugee numbers and communicable disease outbreaks; and (iii) the drought is expected to worsen in the coming months, with low rainfall forecast for March to May – which is the main rainy season for pastoralist and agro-pastoralist communities in the current drought belt.

    The drought has had a major impact on water resources, including on river flow levels and the availability of water for human and livestock consumption. In Somalia, the southern part of the Shabelle River has run dry, the Dawa River is drying faster the normal and the Juba River have reached very low levels. Most water points in worst-affected areas of the three countries are in near-dry status. Water supply for irrigated crop production has also been impacted as the drought extends over key river basins.

    Widespread crop failures have affected farming and agro-pastoral communities in most of Somalia, southwestern Ethiopia and northeastern Kenya, where poor moisture conditions prevented planting and stifled early crop growth. Areas dependent on the Deyr / Hagaya / short rains are facing significant food shortages and are likely to remain dependent on markets until the next harvest in February 2018.
    Although global wheat and maize prices continued to fall during the last quarter of 2016, the FAO food price index for East Africa has more than doubled in 2016. This trend accelerated into 2017, including increases of 30 to 40 per cent for maize and sorghum in localized areas of Somalia and a 75 per cent spike in the price of maize in Uganda.

    Livestock are becoming increasingly weak, contracting diseases and dying at alarming rates, with catastrophic consequences for pastoral communities. Significant livestock deaths are reported in drought-affected areas of Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya, mostly affecting sheep and cattle. Livestock losses have serious impact on livelihoods; even if half of a herd survives, it will take a minimum of two to four years for pastoralist and agro pastoralist households to recover.

    Terms of trade are declining sharply for pastoralists, contributing to rising food insecurity and malnutrition. Livestock prices are collapsing due to poor body conditions and extremely limited demand. Sheep and goats are selling for about one-third the normal price, and cattle and camels are sold at half their usual value. In Marsabit, the price of a sheep has declined by 90 per cent. Herders are being forced to sell their remaining assets for very low prices to afford food for their families – the price of which is increasing.

    Household production of milk and meat is low and the price of milk and other dairy products has skyrocketed. This means protein-rich food is increasingly out of reach for vulnerable pastoralists. Food consumption patterns are deteriorating, with many households in cross-border areas reporting that they are skipping meals and eating less when they do eat. In Turkana 42 per cent of households skipped the entire day without eating. Research shows the close link between forage condition and child malnutrition, and highlights the importance of early livelihood interventions, such as livestock offtake and animal feed provision, to reduce malnutrition.

    12.8 million people in Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya and Somalia face are severely food insecure and are in need of humanitarian assistance. Following the short-rain assessment in January 2017, the number of food insecure people in Kenya has doubled to 2.7 million compared to 1.3 million in August 2016. Some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require food assistance this year. Nearly 3 million Somalis are expected to face Crisis and Emergency levels by June 2017, more than double compared to the previous six months. Severe drought, rising prices, continued insecurity, humanitarian access limitations, and depressed rain forecasts suggest famine is possible in Somalia in 2017.

    Approximately 600,000 children aged 6 to 59 months in Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia will be in need of treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017 and this number is expected to rise rapidly. In Somalia, 13 out of 27 rural and displaced groups have Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rates above emergency (15 per cent) levels. In Kenya three sub-counties (Turkana North, North Hor and Mandera) have GAM rates above 30 per cent – double the emergency threshold. Another six sub-counties (Turkana Central, Turkana South, Turkana West, Laisamis,
    East Pokot and Isiolo) have GAM rates between 15 and 29 per cent.

    The drought and the associated reduced access to water and sanitation has the potential to further exacerbate ongoing disease outbreaks and create new ones. About 15 million people will not have access to safe drinking water in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia in 2017. In Somalia’s southern regions and Puntland 3,113 cases of cholera have been reported in January 2017, which is significantly higher than the number of cases recorded over the same period in 2016. Although the cholera outbreak affecting 30 out of 47 counties in Kenya since December 2014 has been contained - except in Tana River -, there is a risk of new cases appearing in border areas due to scarcity of water and the movement of people.

    Drought, economic shocks and conflict in the region have disrupted the education of approximately 6 million children in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia. An increase in school drop-outs and child labour has been observed across the region. In Somalia, more than 110,000 school-aged children enrolled in schools in drought-affected areas are at risk of being forced out of education. In Ethiopia, 578 schools have temporarily closed due to the effects of the drought, affecting nearly 228,000 students. In Kenya, 175,000 pre-primary and primary school children in ten counties are out of school due to drought.

    The drought has triggered movements of families in search of grazing land, water and work, increasing the risk of family separation and tensions among communities over scarce resources. In the first three weeks of 2017 alone, more than 33,000 people were displaced due to drought in southern and central Somalia alone, including 3,000 who crossed the border into Ethiopia. In Borama, Somaliland, approximately 8,000 households (40,000 individuals) were newly displaced in January 2017. Children constitute the majority of the displaced population. The high number of people concentrating around water points increases the risk of sexual violence and exploitation. During the previous drought in 2010-11 the number of underage girls sold into child marriage in exchange for livestock increased as families struggled to survive.

    Repeated cycles of climatic shocks, coupled with insufficient recovery periods, have limited household and community coping mechanisms. As a result, drought-impacted households have a higher propensity to deploy harmful coping strategies which may deplete their household assets, both material and human, further limiting their ability to mitigate future shocks and make productive investments which can break the cycle of poverty and humanitarian risk.

  • Nearly 2 million people struggle to access clean water in destroyed Aleppo
    Source: Oxfam
    Country: Syrian Arab Republic

    People who have returned to their homes have seen water shortages add to their woes. They now rely on public wells and trucks delivering water to certain points.

    Hassan*, 15, is one of an estimated 1.8 million people who were left without running water in Aleppo for nearly a month, as ISIS militants, in control of the main water source to the city, had reportedly shut down the water supply.

    The young boy fills two jerry cans from a public well, and heads back home to his mother and sister in Aleppo. He will do the trip several times to fulfill their water needs.

    “Every other day, I do four or five round trips to the nearest public well, to fill my jerry cans and provide my family with about 150 liters of water. The task takes about two hours,” says Hassan, who speaks about water running in the taps as a “dream”.

    Hassan, who moved from then rebel-held East to government-controlled West Aleppo three years ago, had managed to find a job in a local store to support his 7-year old sister Hanine and their mother Suad* after his father passed away from a heart-attack.

    Though Hassan is back at school now in West Aleppo, his days are unlike any other teenager’s, as he has to worry about the lack of water instead of focusing on his homework. “I get tired, but feel happy to be able to help my mother and sister,” he says.

    Providing clean and safe water

    All of Aleppo is now controlled by the government of Syria. But the eastern part of the city, which sustained a long military offensive and heavy damages, still has not recovered from its near-entire destruction.

    People who have returned to their homes have seen water shortages add to their woes. They now rely on public wells and trucks delivering water to certain points.

    To respond to this situation, Oxfam has rehabilitated seven wells which had been equipped with new hardware a year ago by its team. This activity was part of an inter-agency effort to maintain at least 122 wells and provide clean water to Aleppo’s nearly 2 million residents.

    Oxfam has also installed four tanks with a capacity of 45,000 each, and over 117 household water tanks (of 500 and 1000 liters capacity) to increase the storage capacity of water in areas hosting a large number of people who were displaced from their homes.

    The organization also distributed hygiene kits (containing shampoo, soap, razors, sanitary pads and other essential products), blankets, water bottles and mats to thousands of displaced people.

    In March 2016, Oxfam installed a first generator at Aleppo’s main water station that kicks in in the case of a power cut. The organization moved a second one from West to East Aleppo in December 2016 in coordination with the Syrian Arab Red Cresent (SARC). Once installed, this generator will have the same function as the first, and both will help pump water to more than one million people.

  • Number of Ukrainian children needing aid nearly doubles to 1 million in past year
    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Ukraine

    The increase – an additional 420,000 girls and boys – is due to the continued fighting and the steady deterioration of life in eastern Ukraine, where some 1.7 million people have been displaced.

    KYIV/GENEVA, 17 February 2017 – As the volatile conflict in eastern Ukraine enters its fourth year, 1 million children are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance - nearly double the number this time last year, said UNICEF.

    The increase – an additional 420,000 girls and boys – is due to the continued fighting and the steady deterioration of life in eastern Ukraine, where some 1.7 million people have been internally displaced, and many families have lost their incomes, social benefits and access to healthcare, while the price of living has sharply risen.

    “This is an invisible emergency – a crisis most of the world has forgotten,” said Giovanna Barberis UNICEF Representative in Ukraine. “Children in eastern Ukraine have been living under the constant threat of unpredictable fighting and shelling for the past three years. Their schools have been destroyed, they have been forced from their homes and their access to basic commodities like heat and water has been cut off.”

    Hundreds of daily ceasefire violations put children’s physical safety and psychological well-being at risk. The situation is particularly grave for the approximately 200,000 girls and boys living within 15 kilometers on each side of the ‘contact line’ in eastern Ukraine, a line which divides government and non-government controlled areas where fighting is most severe.

    In this zone, 19,000 children face constant danger from landmines and other unexploded ordinance and 12,000 children live in communities shelled at least once a month. Thousands of children are regularly forced to take refuge in improvised bomb shelters.

    Teachers, psychologists and parents report signs of severe psychosocial distress among children including nightmares, aggression, social withdrawal and panic triggered by loud noises.

    More than 740 schools – 1 in 5 in eastern Ukraine - have been damaged or destroyed.

    UNICEF once again calls for all sides to immediately recommit to the ceasefire signed in Minsk in August 2015 and to respect international humanitarian law, including allowing unrestricted humanitarian access.

    “After three horrific years, children in eastern Ukraine urgently need lasting peace, so that their unnecessary suffering ends,” said Barberis.

    UNICEF is appealing for US$31.3 million to provide health and nutrition support, education, clean water, hygiene and sanitation as well as protection for children and families affected by the conflict. So far, approximately 10 per cent of the appeal has been funded.

    ###

    Note to editor

    In 2016 UNICEF;

    · Provided 207,000 children and caregivers with psychosocial support.

    · Reached 500,000 children and their families with mine risk education.

    · Delivered warm clothing to 10,000 children and families living in poor communities close to the contact line.

    · Reached 2.5 million people with safe drinking water and vital water, sanitation and hygiene infrastructure.

    · Rehabilitated 50 schools and provided education materials for 150,000 children.

    · Supported the safe births of approximately 29,000 babies with midwifery kits.

    ###

    Download broadcast quality photos.


    About UNICEF

    UNICEF promotes the rights and wellbeing of every child, in everything we do. Together with our partners, we work in 190 countries and territories to translate that commitment into practical action, focusing special effort on reaching the most vulnerable and excluded children, to the benefit of all children, everywhere.

    For more information about UNICEF and its work for children, visit www.unicef.org.

    Follow UNICEF on Twitter and Facebook

    **For more information or for interviews please contact:

    **Iuliia Poberezhna, UNICEF Kyiv, +380 50 388 29 51 ipoberezhna@unicef.org

    Melanie Sharpe, UNICEF Geneva, +41 79 834 74 01 msharpe@unicef.org

    Kristen Elsby, UNICEF Geneva, +41 79 938 8273 kelsby@unicef.org

  • One year on from TC Winston, many still in need as reconstruction efforts continue
    Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies
    Country: Fiji

    “More than 32,000 houses were damaged or destroyed,” says Red Cross. “The shortage of builders and building materials is delaying people’s ability to repair or reconstruct their homes.”

    Suva / Kuala Lumpur, 17 February, 2017 – One year after Tropical Cyclone Winston struck Fiji, many survivors are still struggling to recover, says Fiji Red Cross. According to Red Cross Director General, Filipe Nainoca, significant progress has been made since the Category 5 cyclone hit on 20 February, 2016, but some people in the worst affected areas of the country are still living in tents or temporary shelters.

    “More than 32,000 houses were damaged or destroyed and shelter remains the priority need,” says Mr Nainoca. “The shortage of builders and building materials is delaying people’s ability to repair or reconstruct their homes.”

    In the past year, Fiji Red Cross has helped 77,000 people with emergency assistance and longer-term support to aid their recovery. The Red Cross operation has provided communities with clean water, emotional support to help people process the trauma of the emergency and its aftermath, as well as information on health risks. The Red Cross also rebuilt a school destroyed in the storm.

    Together with partners of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), Fiji Red Cross has also focused on helping people build back safer and stronger homes that are more resistant to future cyclones.

    “Through our Build Back Safer programme we design and build demonstration houses that are built to withstand severe storms. We have also trained more than 60 local carpenters who have taken their skills back to their villages,” says Mr Nainoca.

    “Our volunteers have been working side by side with local communities on projects that address their priorities. These range from protecting fresh water springs from contamination to repairing and installing toilets to improve sanitation,” says Mr Nainoca. ”Our aim has always been to meet people’s material as well as their emotional needs, ensuring that communities are more resilient to the impacts of future disasters.”

    The Red Cross Cyclone Winston recovery operation will continue until the end of May 2017.

    Notes: Video B-roll is available for download from the IFRC’s Multimedia Newsroom http://www.ifrcnewsroom.org/

    For interviews and further information, please contact:

    In Fiji:

    • Corinne Ambler, Communications Delegate, IFRC, Suva Mobile: +679 998 0166 Email: corinne.ambler@ifrc.org Twitter: @corinneambler

    • Mareta Tovata, Marketing and Events Manager, Fiji Red Cross Society, Suva Mobile: +679 936 1599 Email: marketing@redcross.com.fj

    In Kuala Lumpur:

    • Patrick Fuller, communications manager, Asia Pacific, IFRC Mobile : +60 122 308 451 E-mail : patrick.fuller@ifrc.org Twitter : @pat_fuller

    In Geneva

    • Matthew Cochrane, Manager Media and Advocacy, IFRC Mobile: +41 793 089 804 Email: matthew.cochrane@ifrc.org Twitter: @mahatmat

    For updates on Twitter follow @FijiRedCross @IFRCAsiaPacific Hashtags #TCWinston #CycloneWinston

    IFRC is the world`s largest humanitarian network comprising 190 National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies working to save lives and promote dignity around the world. www.ifrc.org - Facebook - Twitter - YouTube – Flickr

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Mis à jour (Samedi, 04 Février 2012 08:18)

 

PostHeaderIcon Présentation du DICAF

But: INTERVENTIONS contre les catastrophes & les FORMATIONS s'y rapportant

1° Interventions contre les catastrophes.

Apport d'aide d'urgence par des équipes d'intervention professionnelles hautement qualifiées et dotées de matériels de sauvetage appropriés aux problèmes rencontrés :

Tremblement de terre, glissement de terrain, explosion, effondrement d'immeuble, tempête, ouragan, typhon, inondations, accident technologique, catastrophe sociologique ; tous lieux où il doit être procédé à la recherche, la localisation, la médicalisation et le sauvetage de personnes ou d'animaux.

Mis à jour (Mardi, 01 Novembre 2011 16:47)

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