How Bangladesh managed to avoid the worst of Cycle Roanu
Source: International Institute for Environment and Development
Although the loss of 30 lives should be considered too many, successful disaster risk reduction measures have avoided the extent of loss and damage experienced with previous cyclones.
Although Cyclone Roanu killed 30 people in Bangladesh last week, steps taken to reduce the country's risk from disasters saved many more lives.
On the evening of 22 May, Cyclone Roanu hit the coast of Bangladesh. On last count, the cyclone had caused the deaths of around 30 people. Although the loss of 30 lives should be considered too many, the death toll in light of previous climatic disasters makes this a good news story, where successful disaster risk reduction measures have avoided loss and damage.
The coast of Bangladesh, and India and Myanmar on either side, is regularly hit by cyclones moving from the Indian Ocean northwards up the Bay of Bengal. The coastline is shaped like a funnel, directing the storms towards landfall.
In 1970 a cyclone hit the coast of Bangladesh, killing more than 300,000 people, and in 1991 over 100,000 lives were lost by a cyclone of similar strength.
Over the last decade the coast of Bangladesh has been struck by two cyclones of similar magnitude – Sidr and Aila. But on these occasions around 2,000 people were killed – most of whom were fishermen out at sea, unable to make it back to land in time.
This dramatic reduction in loss of human lives was due to an extensive disaster risk management programme including:
Building cyclone shelters along the coast, most being multi-purpose buildings that could also be used as schools or community rooms
Teaching children how to respond to cyclone warnings, including how and when to evacuate, and where to find shelter
A large-scale early warning system implemented by the Bangladesh Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, and
Training NGO volunteers to deliver cyclone warnings.
During Cyclone Sidr in 2007 and Cyclone Aila in 2009, more than two million people received warnings and thousands were evacuated to cyclone shelters.
While there was still much damage to crops, houses and infrastructure, many lives were saved by taking these measures.
In contrast, when Cyclone Nargis hit the coast in neighbouring Myanmar in 2010, over 100,000 people died; even though weather warnings had shown the cyclone was on its way, the country was completely unprepared.
Human-induced climate change is not expected to dramatically increase the frequency of such cyclones, but as waters become warmer and sea surface temperatures rise, cyclones will almost certainly become more intense.
Despite the number of deaths following Cyclone Roanu, this is actually a success story where better disaster preparedness has avoided loss of human lives on a much greater scale.
Saleemul Huq (firstname.lastname@example.org) is senior fellow in IIED's Climate Change Group.
Boko Haram violence creates education crisis in Northeast Nigeria
Source: Agence France-Presse
The insurgency has exacerbated problems in a region already grappling with low levels of education. More than one million children have been kept out of school since it began in 2009.
Buni Yadi, Nigeria | AFP | Friday 5/27/2016 - 11:04 GMT
by Aminu ABUBAKAR
More than two years after being attacked by Boko Haram, piles of blackened furniture, iron bed frames and computers still litter the burnt-out shell of the Federal Government College in Buni Yadi.
The corrugated iron roofing has caved in and the eerily silent school compound in Yobe state, northeast Nigeria, is overgrown with shrubs and grass.
Boko Haram fighters stormed the boarding school on February 25, 2014, killing at least 43 students as they slept, and destroying classrooms, offices, laboratories and dormitories.
Five months earlier, 40 students were shot in their beds at an agricultural college in Gujba, 23 kilometres (14 miles) away.
After the second attack, public officials in Yobe closed all schools. But local residents say their children have yet to resume classes, even with relative peace restored in the state.
"Some parents who have the means have sent their children to schools elsewhere," Husseini Idi told AFP from under a tree outside his burnt-out house overlooking the deserted school.
"Most of us are poor and can't afford to send their children to schools in other places."
The situation in Buni Yadi is reflected across northeast Nigeria and a reminder of the challenges facing those charged with reconstruction of the devastated region.
The insurgency exacerbated problems in a region already grappling with low levels of education.
According to a report published last year by the Africa Health, Human and Social Development Information Service, some 52.4 percent of men and boys over aged six and 61.1 percent of girls and women had no education in the northeast.
In Yobe, it said the figure was 83.3 percent of the 1.4 million males.
More than one million children have been kept out of school because of the violence since it began in 2009, the UN children's agency said in December.
In Yobe, Boko Haram, which opposes so-called Western education, killed 128 students in five public schools, burning down hundreds of classrooms, the state government said last week.
Next door in Borno, the authorities said at least 350 teachers have been killed and 512 schools destroyed, including in Chibok, from where more than 200 girls were abducted in April 2014.
At least 18,000 of the 130,000 people to flee when Boko Haram attacked Buni Yadi again in July last year have now returned, according to one military officer in the town involved in documenting returns.
But one of those to come back, Ibrahim Kampani, said: "For two years our children have not been going to school and this worries us as parents."
One school that has reopened is the Government Comprehensive Secondary School in Yobe's commercial hub, Potiskum, where a suicide bomber disguised as a student killed 58 on November 10, 2014.
"The advantage we have over schools in the countryside is that we are located in the town where Boko Haram have no base," said vice-principal Jubril Muhammad.
"Most of the students are based in the town and could come for classes from their homes while repairs were carried out on facilities destroyed in the attacks."
Schools in hard-to-reach rural areas, however, face greater difficulties, with Boko Haram remnants still said to operate in the bush.
In Chibok, for example, there have been promises to rebuild the school, which was the only one in the town and surrounding villages.
But despite global outrage at the mass abduction that brought worldwide attention to the conflict, so far nothing has been done and the compound is in ruins.
In Buni Yadi, residents say the security situation is still too precarious for schools to restart, despite military claims of success.
"We don't want to take any chances," said one government official, who asked not to be identified. "It is still not safe for schools to reopen in the Buni Yadi district."
Muazu Usman hasn't been able to pick mangoes from his farm several kilometres outside the town since he returned last month. He said nearby countryside is "still infested with Boko Haram".
The bush outside Buni Yadi leads to Sambisa forest, a former game reserve in Borno which Boko Haram has turned into its stronghold.
Soldiers and civilian vigilantes patrol Buni Yadi's dusty, potholed streets in pick-up trucks.
"We are always on alert," said one vigilante at a checkpoint, holding a hunting rifle in one hand and a machete in the other.
"We have pushed Boko Haram out but we are not relaxing our vigilance."
© 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse
Disease concerns mount as Sri Lanka copes with aftermath of floods, landslides
Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies
Country: Sri Lanka
In flood-affected areas many fresh drinking water sources have been contaminated and the remaining floodwaters pose a significant public health threat.
Mahieash Johnney, Sri Lanka Red Cross @mahieash
Almost two weeks have passed since a tropical depression in the Bay of Bengal brought heavy rains and flooding to much of Sri Lanka. In the central hill country, the ceaseless rains caused a series of deadly landslides, the worst being in the Aranayake area of Kegalle district where 48 bodies have been recovered after two major landslides tore through three villages. More than 4,000 people in the area who lost their homes or had to be relocated because of the risk of further landslides remain in 28 temporary evacuation sites where the Sri Lanka Red Cross Society is providing aid.
Approximately 15km South West of Aranayake lies the town of Bulathkohupitiya, home to the Kalupahana tea estate. Over 60 families, all plantation workers, live within the estate. At around 10 o’clock on the night of 17 May, a landslide in the steep hills of the estate swept down and destroyed an accommodation block killing 14 people. Some, like the family of Murugaiah Navarasakulam, a 40-year-old father of three, had a narrow escape.
“I heard a loud thudding noise as if a helicopter was landing, the very next moment everything came crashing down. As soon as I heard the noise, I saw big rocks coming down. They missed our house but fell on top of my sister’s house. They all died,” said a visibly distraught Navarasakulam. “I think I only survived thanks to some good deed I must have done in my previous life”.
Navarasakulam lost three of his sisters and a brother to the landslide. All of them were living in one of the houses located below his. Now, he is one of 94 people staying at a temporary shelter located in a local school.
Volunteers from the Red Cross branch in Kegalle were quickly on the scene helping with search and rescue efforts. Others were dispatched to help those who survived, providing them with first aid and medical support at the school. The volunteers continue to help the evacuees, providing food, dry rations, first aid and other services.
As most of the people housed at the temporary shelter are plantation workers, they rely upon accommodation provided by the tea estate.
“We can’t leave here. Everything we have is here. We are asking the Red Cross to help us” says Navarasakulam.
The Sri Lanka Red Cross Society is working with the estate authorities and the Government to discuss how to move forwards with ensuring that the workers homes can be rebuilt in a safe location.
On 25 May, the International Federation of Red Cross & Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) launched a 3.6 million Swiss Franc emergency appeal (USD 3.65) to support the Sri Lanka Red Cross Society in providing relief and longer term recovery assistance to 40,000 people affected by the floods and landslides. Some of the funds raised will go towards helping those whose homes were damaged or destroyed.
“So far we have helped over 140,000 people and our aim is to leave no-one behind. Much attention has been given to the major landslides in Aranayake, but we can’t turn a blind eye to the needs of small communities like those in Kalupahana tea estate who had very little even before disaster struck”, said Jagath Abesinghe, President of Sri Lanka Red Cross Society.
The emergency appeal will also provide clean water and sanitation along with public awareness and education around maintaining good hygiene. In flood affected areas many fresh drinking water sources have been contaminated and the remaining floodwaters pose a significant public health threat which could lead to spikes in communicable diseases such dengue, diarrhea and fever.
Yemen: Already affected by the scourge of conflict, some 50,000 hit by floods and landslides
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen
UNHCR coordinated the shelter and relief response for 15,000 people. Meanwhile, coalition-affiliated forces continued an offensive against extremist elements in the southern governorates.
- 3,201,633 People affected by the conflict (in Yemen and adjacent countries), including refugees and internally displaced persons prior to and as a result of the current conflict.
- 2,755,916 Persons internally displaced prior to and as a result of the current conflict.
- 177,620 Arrivals to Djibouti, Ethiopia Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, and Sudan mainly by sea or overland since late March 2015.
- 268,097 Refugees in Yemen assisted with protection assistance and life sustaining interventions and items.
- 457,224 Internally displaced Yemenis reached in Yemen with emergency relief items since the onset of the crisis by UNHCR and partners.
USD 172.2 Million Requested by UNHCR for the situation
- From 10 to 13 April 2016, UNDSS and UNHCR conducted a security assessment in Aden.
In mid-April 2016, floods and landslides affected over 49,000 individuals across Yemen, damaging houses, crops and vital infrastructure. UNHCR coordinated the shelter and relief items response for nearly 15,000 persons.
- Almost 830 Yemeni refugees, originating mainly from Bab Al Mandab, spontaneously returned from Obock (Djibouti) to Yemen as of the end of April 2016.
- The seventh relocation of Somali refugees from Jijiga to Melkadida camps was completed on 15 April 2016. A total of 672 Somali refugees have now been relocated.
- UNHCR monitors spontaneous returns of Yemenis from the port of Berbera and learned of 40 individuals who returned to Yemen on 23 March, despite unsafe conditions.
New Arrivals to Yemen
In April 2016, 11,245 people arrived in Yemen, representing an eight per cent increase compared to March 2016. Most of the new arrivals, about 9,300 individuals, occurred along the Arabian Sea coast. Ethiopians continue to represent the majority of new arrivals, 10,227 individuals, followed by 1,016 Somalis and two Djiboutian nationals. The 2016 yearly total of new arrivals so far is 39,962 persons, compared to 44,098 over the last four months of 2015.
Despite the high arrival figures, the sea journey remains dangerous. Five individuals drowned in deep water off the Yemeni coast in April (three in the Arabian Sea and two in the Red Sea). So far in 2016, 32 individuals went missing or have died at sea in Yemeni waters.
UPDATE ON ACHIEVEMENTS
The cessation of hostilities in Yemen took effect on 11 April 2016 and the UN-led peace talks began in Kuwait on 21 April following the delayed arrival of delegates representing the Houthis and former President Saleh. By late April, the talks’ most tangible result was the creation of a De-escalation and Coordination Committee and Local Committees to work on compliance with the cessation of hostilities, leading to improvements despite reported occasional clashes (e.g. in Al Jawf, Marib, Hajjah, Al Bayda and Taizz). On 25 April, a UN Security Council Presidential Statement supported the peace talks, urged all parties to comply fully with the truce and called on Yemeni parties to restore state institutions and political dialogue.
In mid-April, floods and landslides affected over 49,000 individuals across Yemen, damaging houses, crops, vital infrastructure and killing 24 persons. UNHCR coordinated the shelter and relief items response reaching about 15,000 persons.
Meanwhile, Coalition-affiliated forces continued an offensive against extremist elements in the southern governorates. Reportedly suffering many losses, Al-Qaeda militants left the port city of Mukalla on 24 April and moved west into Shabwah. Against this background, a UNDSS-UNHCR security assessment was conducted in Aden between 10 and 13 April. The aim was to ensure security mitigating measures at office premises in the UN enclave, at accommodations and mobile security support are in line with an effort to re-launch a scheme of short duration missions by international staff.
On 6 April 2016, UNHCR in Djibouti received a delegation of officials headed by Mr. Abdul Raqeb Saif Fateh, Chairman of the High Relief Committee (HRC) and Yemeni Minister of Local Administration. They were accompanied by the Executive Secretary of the Djiboutian Office national d’assistance aux réfugiés et sinistrés (ONARS). The mission aimed at visiting the camp facilities, discussing urgent needs and return options to Yemen with refugees.
According to immigration police in Obock, Djibouti, over 500 Yemeni nationals originating from Aden arrived in Djibouti from 11 to 24 April 2016. Rather than seeking asylum, they transited through Djibouti before travelling onwards to other countries. Moreover, some spontaneous returns of Yemeni refugees to Yemen continue to be observed. Almost 830 Yemeni refugees originating mainly from Bab Al Mandab spontaneously returned from Obock as of late April 2016. The conditions of return continue to be assessed as unsafe, both at the departure point because of rough seas and upon arrival in Yemen because of insecurity. In early April 2016, a few vessels were not allowed to leave Obock port by the Djiboutian coast guard. Refugees waited for two days before making the trip to Bab Al Mandab and Al Mokha in Yemen.
WHO reports 301 deaths in yellow fever outbreak
Source: World Health Organization
Country: Angola, China, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Uganda
Despite vaccination campaigns in Luanda, Huambo and Benguela provinces of Angola, circulation of the virus persists in some districts, according to the health body.
A yellow fever outbreak was detected in Luanda, Angola late in December 2015. The first cases were confirmed by the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) in South Africa on 19 January 2016 and by the Institut Pasteur Dakar (IP-D) on 20 January. Subsequently, a rapid increase in the number of cases has been observed.
As of 25 May 2016, Angola has reported 2536 suspected cases of yellow fever with 301 deaths. Among those cases, 747 have been laboratory confirmed. Despite vaccination campaigns in Luanda, Huambo and Benguela provinces, circulation of the virus persists in some districts. Vaccination campaigns started on 16 May in Cuanza Sul, Huila and Uige provinces. Lunda Norte has reported, for the first time since the beginning of the outbreak, 5 autochthonous laboratory confirmed cases in 2 districts.
Three countries have reported confirmed yellow fever cases imported from Angola: Democratic Republic of The Congo (DRC) (41 cases), Kenya (two cases) and People’s Republic of China (11 cases). This highlights the risk of international spread through nonimmunised travellers.
On 22 March 2016, the Ministry of Health of DRC confirmed cases of yellow fever in connection with Angola. The government officially declared the yellow fever outbreak on 23 April. As of 25 May, DRC has reported three probable cases and 48 laboratory confirmed cases: 41 of those are imported from Angola, reported in Kongo Central, Kinshasa and Kwango (formerly Bandundu) provinces, two are autochthonous cases in Ndjili, Kinshasa and in Matadi, Kongo Central provinces. The possibility of locally acquired infection is under investigation for at least three non-classified cases in both Kongo Central (Muanda district) and Kwango provinces.
In Uganda, the Ministry of Health notified yellow fever cases in Masaka district on 9 April 2016. As of 25 May, 60 suspected cases, of which seven are laboratory confirmed, have been reported from three districts: Masaka, Rukungiri and Kalangala. According to sequencing results, those clusters are not epidemiologically linked to Angola.
The virus in Angola and DRC is largely concentrated in main cities. The risk of spread and local transmission to other provinces in Angola, DRC and Uganda remains a serious concern. There is also a high risk of potential spread to bordering countries especially those previously classified as low-risk for yellow fever disease (i.e. Namibia, Zambia) and where the population, travellers and foreign workers are not vaccinated against yellow fever.
An Emergency Committee (EC) regarding yellow fever was convened by WHO’s DirectorGeneral under the International Health Regulations (IHR 2005) on 19 May 2016. Following the advice of the EC, the Director-General decided that the urban yellow fever outbreaks in Angola and DRC are serious public health events which warrant intensified national action and enhanced international support. The events do not at this time constitute a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). The statement can be found on the WHO website.
UN relief chief urges greater humanitarian support for Syrians in need
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey
The humanitarian situation for millions of Syrians across the region remains distressing and dire. Some 6.5 million are internally displaced, while some five million seek refuge elsewhere.
(Hatay, 26 May 2016): Stephen O’Brien, the Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC), called for greater assistance for Syrians in need, inside the country and across the region, at the end of a visit to Hatay in southern Turkey.
The humanitarian situation for millions of Syrians across the region remains unrelentingly distressing and dire. Some 6.5 million people are internally displaced, and some five million people have fled for safety in other countries. The United Nations estimates that 13.5 million Syrians across the region are in need of some form of humanitarian and protection assistance.
ERC O’Brien visited an orphanage in Reyhanlı, meeting Syrian children who are provided both education and a sense of normality in the classroom. “I heard first-hand the hopes of these children and the harrowing stories of many families’ escape to safety,” he said. “There is a clear need for psycho-social support.”
“I met a brave young doctor who was tragically injured during last month’s deadly airstrike on the al-Quds Hospital in Aleppo and is now in urgent need of medical assistance abroad,” the ERC added.
Cross-border aid operations from Turkey into Syria are vital, reaching some four million people who cannot be reached via other routes. Stephen O’Brien visited the zero-point near the Bab al Hawa border crossing. “I paid tribute to the Turkish, Syrian, and international NGOs who continue to work tirelessly to provide critical and life-saving assistance in a dangerous and volatile environment. We must do everything we can to support them,” said the ERC.
He discussed the progress and challenges in delivering aid with the Governor of Hatay, and representatives of international and local NGOs.
“The people of Syria continue to suffer. The violence, fear and deprivation force Syrians to make the impossible choices of leaving their homeland for a tolerable life in another part of the country or across the border or continent,” noted Stephen O’Brien. “Our challenge is both to scale up assistance to reach every person in need, and to support the efforts of those trying to bring the crisis to an end. We need to give Syrians real hope of a better future.”
Despite significant progress in reaching millions of Syrians with life-saving assistance, many programmes remain critically underfunded. The ERC urged donors to fulfil their pledges and fund the critical aid and protection activities designed to help the most vulnerable people throughout 2016.
Visiting Hatay immediately after the World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul, ERC O’Brien spoke of the commitments made by world leaders to put affected people affected by conflict and disaster at the centre of humanitarian action, and to alleviate suffering. “At the Summit, we heard strong words about sharing responsibility for refugees, safeguarding their rights, and working to secure the financing we need to save lives. We must now demand that these words are turned into meaningful action. It must start here in Hatay.”
Conflict and deteriorating food security push South Sudanese into Sudan
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: South Sudan, Sudan
While the number of new South Sudanese arrivals in Sudan in 2016 is 75 per cent more than 39,622 arrivals registered during the same period last year, the level of funding provided is significantly lower.
• A sub-national measles campaign is targeting more than 4 million children in five states of Sudan during 22-30 May 2016.
• South Sudanese continue to arrive in Sudan as a result of conflict and deteriorating food security conditions in South Sudan.
• UNHAS announces provisional direct flights between El Fasher and Sortony, North Darfur.
• An inter-agency mission to the Anka area in North Darfur has reported that 15,000 people in the area need assistance.
In this issue
Sub-national measles vaccination starts P.1
South Sudanese influx into Sudan P.2
UNHAS flights to Sortony, North Darfur P.3
Inter-agency mission to Anka, North Darfur P.4
Measles vaccination campaign starts in five states
On 22 May, the Ministry of Health (MoH) of Sudan, the World Health Organizaton (WHO) and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) launched a sub-national measles campaign in six states – Blue Nile, North Kordofan, South Kordofan, White Nile, and Sennar – targeting more than 4 million children aged from 6 months to 15 years. The campaign will run till 30 May and cover the new South Sudanese arrivals in these states as well. The campaign is complementary to the campaigns implemented in 2015 that covered ten states when 9.5 million children were vaccinated. The vaccination campaign has already been completed in West Kordofan State where 728,586 children were vaccinated against measles, indicating coverage of 99 per cent of the target.
The effect of the previous campaign is a reduction of measles cases compared to the same period of the last year. In 2015, up to week 19 there were 2,498 confirmed measles cases and 38 deaths compared to 1,073 confirmed cases and 10 deaths reported this year by the end of the week 19 (13 May 2016), according to the MoH. In addition, there has been reduction of case fatality, especially in Red Sea, Central Darfur and West Darfur states.
WHO supported the campaign by mobilising WHO technical staff at the state level to support the implementation of the campaign. WHO’s support entails efforts to ensure good quality campaign, meet the objectives whilst reaching the expected results; and financial support to fill the gap for the campaign. UNICEF procured vaccines and supplies for the campaign and supported social mobilisation to enhance the coverage.
South Sudanese continue to arrive in Sudan
South Sudanese continue to arrive in Sudan as a result of conflict and deteriorating food security conditions in South Sudan. As of 22 May 2016, about 69,000 people are estimated to have arrived in various states in Sudan since January. East Darfur is hosting close to 46,000 people representing 66 per cent of all the new arrivals in 2016. An additional 5,324 people have arrived in Bileil camp in South Darfur and have been registered by Sudan’s Commissioner of Refugees (COR). In West Kordofan, 7,241 arrivals have been reported by the Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC); and in White Nile, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) have registered over 9,000 since the beginning of 2016 (please see the table on page 2 for details).
According to UNHCR’s latest update on 12 May, 226,950 South Sudanese arrived in Sudan since December 2013. While the number of new South Sudanese arrivals in Sudan in 2016 is 75 per cent more than 39,622 arrivals registered by UNHCR during the same period last year, the level of funding provided is significantly lower. UNHCR and parterns are updating the response plan for the new arrivals from South Sudan for 2016 and are revising the figures accordingly.
MSF seeks clarity for Idomeni refugees
Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
Country: Greece, World
MSF calls on the Greek authorities to ensure that adequate and continuous assistance is guaranteed during the movement of people from the informal camps and in the new locations.
26 May 2016
Athens - As the eviction of residents from Idomeni camp continues, Médecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) denounces the forced movement of thousands of refugees, the lack of information provided about their destinations and the restrictions imposed on humanitarian assistance during this process.
MSF calls on the Greek authorities to ensure that adequate and continuous assistance is guaranteed during the movement of people from the informal camps and in the new locations.
“People are not being informed of where they are going, and this is far from acceptable,” stated Michele Telaro, MSF’s Project Coordinator in Idomeni. “They need to be able to make informed decisions and must be provided with accurate information in order to do so.
They have already fled conflicts, violence and spent more than two months in unacceptable conditions in Idomeni. The alternative to the inhumane should not be the unknown and the uncertain.”
MSF’s teams have seen many anxious patients who had been asked to leave without clear information on their destination: “Our nurse reported that the majority of people she saw in the clinic burst into tears when she spoke to them. They asked her where they would be going, whether there would be doctors there. She didn’t know what to say, because we don’t know if an adequate continuity of care will be assured,” continued Telaro.
MSF’s medics consulted patients with chronic diseases such as diabetes and epilepsy who need continuous treatment. These patients are worried about the risk of interruption to their care and uncertain about what medical facilities will be available when they move. The teams also had difficulty referring patients to hospital, as those who leave the camp do not have permission to return and a referral could have them separated from their families. Moreover, since the eviction process started on 24 May, MSF and other NGOs have had restricted access to the camp area, with a reduced number of staff allowed to enter, and volunteers were completely expelled from the camp. In these conditions, the basic services like sanitation and distribution of food could not be properly assured.
“Let’s be clear, this cannot be considered a voluntary relocation as these people had no other choice, did not have adequate information, and assistance in the camp was drastically cut,” declared Loïc Jaeger, MSF’s Head of Mission in Greece. “It is unacceptable to force this move on the resigned and desperate people of Idomeni. We would like to tell them they will be able to re-join their families in Europe, that they will have access to adequate protection, but we can’t. We can’t even reassure them about the conditions that they will find in the new camps.”
“Moving refugees from informal camps to formal camps is not the solution,” concluded Jaeger. “In Europe, in 2016, refugees should not be living in tents. They should have their claims for asylum heard and be provided with homes so that they can restart their lives in safety.”
WHO report details extent of attacks on healthcare in emergencies
Source: World Health Organization
Country: Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea, Iraq, Liberia, Libya, Myanmar, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen
From January 2014 to December 2015, there were 594 reported attacks on healthcare that resulted in 959 deaths and 1,561 injuries in 19 countries with emergencies.
Attacks on Health Care
Attacks on health care in emergency situations disrupt the delivery of essential health services, endanger care providers, deprive people of urgently needed medical attention, and undermine our long term health development goals.
WHO collaborates closely with others to better understand the problem, bring attention to the issue, and find solutions that can prevent attacks; protect health facilities, workers, transport and supplies; and ensure the continued provision of health care despite such attacks.
WHO releases new report on attacks on health
Currently there is no publicly available source of consolidated information on attacks on health care in emergencies. This report is a first attempt to consolidate and analyse the data that is available from open sources. While the data are not comprehensive, the findings shed light on the severity and frequency of the problem.
Over the two-year period from January 2014 to December 2015, there were 594 reported attacks on health care that resulted in 959 deaths and 1561 injuries in 19 countries with emergencies. More than half of the attacks were against health care facilities and another quarter of the attacks were against health care workers. Sixty-two per cent of the attacks were reported to have intentionally targeted health care.
Read the full report
Agencies scale up humanitarian response to flood/mudflow affected population
Source: UN Country Team in Tajikistan
Food, as one of the most critical sectors, has reached all of the affected families in Rudaki District. Discussions are underway to coordinate food support to Panjekent District.
Heavy rains have caused additional mudflows on 20 May in Nurobod District, affecting more than 55 households.
Government assessment results for Rudaki District indicate the disaster destroyed or damaged at least 119 houses. As of 23 May, total number of houses destroyed of damaged for Panjekent and Rudaki districts stands at 140.
Total number of people affected, as well as houses destroyed/damaged has been reduced as Government finalized damage and needs assessment processes.
Humanitarian response to flood/mudflow affected population is scaling up in all affected areas.
Food assistance has reached all affected families in Rudaki District. Discussions are underway to coordinate food support to Panjekent District.
Tajik Hydro meteorological services forecasts unstable weather to remain in the country until 29 May.
5,500 Estimated people in need of assistance
1,350 Households potentially affected
To be confirmed Displaced
On 20 May, continuous heavy rains have caused mudflows in Hakimi Jamoat of Nurobod District (Direct Ruled Districts). As of 24 May, the mudflow affected at least 50 households and reportedly killed more than 30 heads of cattle. Assessment of damage and potential humanitarian needs in the affected Jamoat is ongoing. As of 25 May, the disaster did not result in human loss, injuries or displacement.
Humanitarian assistance to affected families in both of the severely affected districts (Panjekent and Rudaki) started to scale up. As of 24 May, food, as one of the most critical sectors, has reached all of the affected families in Rudaki District, through the resources of the Government, as well as REACT partners (NGO “Good Neighbors”, World Food Programme, Red Crescent Society/German Red Cross). In addition, Government and REACT partners have delivered non-food items to cover the immediate needs of the most vulnerable affected population in all affected areas. Sectors still in need of urgent actions to address critical and outstanding needs include Food (to cover outstanding gaps in Panjekent District), Health, Non-food items, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene.
On 23 May, Committee of Emergency Situations shared the results of damage and needs assessment conducted by State Commission for Emergencies. According to the findings of assessment, the floods/mudflows have affected more than 5,500 people, mainly in Rudaki and Panjekent districts (2,237 Panjekent, 3,240 Rudaki). A total of 140 houses have been fully or partially damaged in the two districts (21 Panjekent, 119 Rudaki).
Similar information for other districts also affected by floods has not been made available as Government did not observe humanitarian needs or damages in these districts. Total number of people affected, in need of humanitarian assistance and houses affected as confirmed by Government has been reduced in comparison to figures identified by REACT jointly with Committee of Emergency Situations within the first 48 hours of the emergency. This discrepancy is mainly driven based on the detailed house-to-house assessment conducted by Government in comparison to rapid assessment conducted by REACT and Committee of Emergency Situations immediately on the onset of emergency.
Sex and age disaggregated information of the affected population is still missing. REACT Secretariat will work with affected jamoats, representatives of the State Commission for Emergencies and Committee of Emergency Situations to obtain such data to identify specific needs of vulnerable groups.